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Peace from Harmony
Spherons of Gandhi’s Nonviolence

Spherons of Gandhis Nonviolence


The GHA 67th Project
Started: November 1, 2018
Approved by the GHA: November 6, 2018




Dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi’s birth o­n October 2, 2019.
The great legacy of Gandhi nonviolence will not die in oblivion of unsuitability and will live
forever as the conscious practice of all nations since the 21st century o­nly through the

“Global Peace Science” of Spherons as fundamental nonviolence/peace actors,

whose structural harmony is revealed by global statistics.


Leo Semashko, Rosa Dalmiglio, Maitreyee Roy, Ayo Amale, Rashida Bokhari, Olga Kashina, Svetlana Kuskovskaya, Uraz Baimuratov, Maria Cristina Azcona, Leila Pradhan, Noor Larik, Steve Amoah, Heli Habirimana, Ammar Banni, Subhash Chandra, Surendra Pathak, Gopala Mariappan, Andre Sheldon
17 coauthors from 11 countries: Algeria, Argentina, Ghana, India, Italy, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Rwanda, USA

The coauthors list includes those who have already conducted the spherons research and those who confirmed their intention to complete this research of their country before December 6, 2018.

In English: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=848

In Russian: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=788


1. The Project meaning: the historical task of the Enlightenment of actors/subjects of nonviolence
2. Discovery and its obstacles.
Duplex resistance law
3. Global Harmony Association and Gandhi's nonviolence
4. The Month of Statistical Researches asthe
Enlightenment tool
5. Statistics of Spherons of India: Genetics of the structural harmony of the national peace
according to the 2011 census. Pattern of statistical researches of spherons (15 pages)

6. Algorithm of using the statistical research pattern of India spherons in any other country


1.The Project meaning: the historical task of the Enlightenment of actors/subjects of nonviolence


         As established by perennial (almost 14 years) researches and discussions of the spherons idea in the GHA, their theory/science belongs to the fundamental social discoveries of a principally new, unknown to humanity, a key social reality at the genetic level of humanity, which determines its internal harmony, peace, unity and nonviolence, ensuring its survival and resilience. Over the years of systematic statistical studies of spherons in different countries, the GHA proved empirically / statistically the reality of spherons and now, o­n the basis of their generalization, found a way / sample / pattern of obtaining their fundamental knowledge / evidence effectively and quickly within 2-4 days by filling o­nly two statistical tables in approximately 50 indices. The statistics of spherons is their evidence-based empirical base, which does not allow to neglect them in reality or to reject them unfoundedly, since this will have to reject all statistics.

         This method of knowledge makes the fundamental knowledge of spherons available to every student and student with a calculator, i.e. practically wide masses of literate population. It opens up virtually unlimited prospects for the Enlightenment of nations in key actors / subjects and the genetic code of social harmony, global peace, inner unity and deep nonviolence inseparable from each other. The great historical experience of the practical nonviolence of Mahatma Gandhi, which ensured the achievement of independence of India without weapons and without firing a shot, was the first, intuitive example of the knowledge and use of the “soft power” of nonviolence of spherons.

Now, almost a century later, the historical task is to master this experience theoretically / scientifically and make it the conscious practical heritage of all peoples. This task is set and solved in a first approximation in this GHA project.

2. Discovery and its obstacles. Duplex resistance law


         The most complex gnoseological problems of the internal logic of any new scientific discovery / knowledge are inevitably accompanied by the social resistance of the dominant knowledge, power and traditional social and economic structure, the change of which threatens by any fundamental discovery.

         This law of duplex resistance to any fundamental discovery that expresses the structure of scientific revolutions is well revealed by Thomas Kuhn in 1962. It fully refers to the discovery more than 40 years ago of spherons as a fundamentally new reality [1] that defines a new paradigm of social thinking, replacing the traditional. The key discoveries and the scientific, Copernican revolutions produced by them have always been and will remain at their beginning for decades impossible “heresy” for traditional science and society, which always resist them with some form of inquisition / suppression: bonfires, executions, prisons, special services camps, censorship, harassment, all sorts of restrictions, fraud, defamation, or silence.

         Spherons as actors of harmony, peace, unity, truth and nonviolence inevitably generate resistance of the prevailing order of disharmony, war, militarism, separation, lies / deception and total violence. Spherons are a fundamental discovery, the Copernican Revolution of social cognition, science and thinking, which opens the way for nonviolence, peace and harmony, resolving all the traditional problems that are behind the powerful dominant forces that gave rise to them and fiercely resisting their solution in a harmonious order of spherons. The main opposition to this resistance and its neutralization can o­nly be widespread and mass education in the new scientific knowledge in an effective and accessible form of statistical studies of spherons, which are proposed in this project. Only through them is it possible to establish an order of harmony, peace, unity, truth and nonviolence, although they still require colossal work.

3. Global Harmony Association and Gandhi's nonviolence

        With this mission, the Global Harmony Association (GHA) was created in 2005 o­n the basis of the great peacemaking precepts of the 20th century, primarily the inspiration of brilliant spirituality and the unique practice of nonviolence of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of independent India. For almost 14 years, the GHA has created 66 peacemaking projects in this light and published 8 books, crowned by the “Global Peace Science” (GPS) [6] by the 174 coauthors from 34 countries, including the President of India, Dr. Abdul Kalama, three Nobel Peace Laureates and dozens of leaders of international peace organizations. Among the 12 founders of this unprecedented science, Mahatma Gandhi has a priority place, because his ideas and practices of nonviolence were the first in the history of humankind to discover the reality of global peace from harmony o­n the scale of India’s national, cultural and religious macrocosm. It was the first ever national model of nonviolent global peace for humanity.

         Almost all the books and projects of the GHA o­ne way or another on the nonviolence of Gandhi lean, because its nonviolence, in essence, is identical to the state of global peace, its achievement and affirmation. The GHA, by definition of its peacemaking mission from harmony/nonviolence, is interested in preserving, developing and strengthening the theoretical foundations of Gandhi's nonviolence. Therefore, all books and projects of the GHA serve its fundamental social discovery, which o­nly with spherons of the GPS receives a deep scientific substantiation and theoretical platform for its development, wide distribution and conscious use.

         The revival of Gandhi nonviolence in the 21st century is possible o­nly with the emergence and development of the “Global Peace Science” of Spherons, creating more powerful intellectual tools and resources than the military to resist the dictatorship of violence, weapons and militarism. This unique science and its spheral statistics of spherons, revealing the genetic structural harmony of global peace, allows to lift the great practice of nonviolence of Mahatma Gandhi from the intuitive and elemental level to the level of conscious and scientifically based practice of harmonious governance and organization of social production that prevent wars and eradicate their sources. Only this science as the greatest "soft power" allows Gandhi's nonviolence to understand and realize in all nations, because o­nly in this case, as he wrote, "Nonviolence [harmony, peace] becomes the greatest power in the hands of humanity." Only in this case nonviolence becomes available to all nations. Nonviolence overcomes violence, war, terrorism and militarism o­nly when it is armed with the science of global peace and all its tools and technologies.

         The Spherons “Global Peace Science” due to its new logic of holistic social cognition and its paradigm of harmonious thinking became the Copernican revolution of social cognition, thinking, peacemaking and nonviolence of Mahatma Gandhi in the 21st century. His great legacy of nonviolence will not die and will live forever as the practical heritage of all nations since the 21st century o­nly through this peace science and its spherons global statistics of harmony. This statistic not o­nly reveals the depth and actors of nonviolence, but also makes its knowledge accessible and understandable to the broad masses of the population through appropriate enlightenment, education and effective statistical studies of spherons, a sample/pattern of which is proposed below.

         Of course, the proposed research pattern provides o­nly the most general idea of ​​the number and qualitative composition of spherons, which are refined at subsequent, more complex stages of their statistical research, for which their own patterns will be created. But its main advantage lies in the availability of almost every literate and thinking person with a calculator, starting with the pupil and the student. Thus, it allows you to democratize this fundamental social knowledge, which significantly increases the level of mass culture and social literacy of the population.



4. The Month of Statistical Research as an Enlightenment Tool


         Now in many countries, various forms of mass enlightenment in the native language, history, geography, culture, etc. are widely practiced. The GHA offers to start a new form of enlightenment in the actors of nonviolence, peace and harmony: express statistical studies of spherons o­n the model / pattern proposed below and the algorithm of its use. These tools allow you to carry out these studies effectively in 2-4 days, filling in o­nly two proposed tables, limited to about 50 statistical indices, the main difficulty and laboriousness of which lies not in their understanding, but in finding their statistical sources o­n the Internet and choosing from them the required 50 indices in order to sum them up to get the number and quality profile of spherons at the desired level.

         For this goal, the GHA is proposing in this project to conduct intellectual “Months of Statistical Research”, starting them in the GHA. The first such month is offered in the GHA since November 6 to December 6, 2018. The GHA invites all its members and friends to participate in it, all peacemakers and all thinking followers of Gandhi's nonviolence to make a personal intellectual contribution to the conscious assertion and dissemination of Gandhi's nonviolence spirituality with their statistical research of spherons of their country using a simplified pattern from two tables and 50 indicators within 15 pages (below). These studies raise the nonviolence of Gandhi to the scientific level and prevent it from time corrosion, oblivion and misunderstanding. The justification of this mission is presented in this project and the GHA accompanying books. We invite you to send the completed statistical studies of spherons to Leo Semashko and/or coauthors of this project so that we can edit them together with you as coauthors and include them in the GHA new book: "Spherons: Generics of Global Peace and Gandhi Nonviolence. International Statistics and Sociocybernetic Paradigm of Harmonious Thinking." This book will be a new empirical evidence of spherons and the inevitability of their nonviolence, peace and harmony.

         We repeat o­nce again that all texts of the proposed project will be repeatedly corrected and edited together with all coauthors, as it is always done in the GHA, so all your constructive suggestions will be taken into account in our new book.

Statistics of India’s Spherons:
Structural Harmony Genetics of the National Peace
According to the 2011 Census.


Subhash Chandra, Surendra Pathak and Leo Semashko

(It is the pattern of spherons research for any country, the algorithm of use of which see below)


Dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
His great legacy of nonviolence will not die and will live
forever as the
conscious practice of all nations since the 21st century

only through the “Global Peace Science”
and its
Spherons’ global statistics of harmony.




John F. Kennedy at the UN Session 55 years ago formulated the absolute truth of modernity: "Humanity must end the war before the war puts an end to humanity."

Unfortunately, the following questions remain unanswered: "Who, How, at What level and When will put an end to war?" The first attempt to give a scientific answer to these questions is proposed in the sociocybernetic "Global Peace Science" created in the GHA by efforts of 174 its co-authors (including several Nobel Peace Laureates and the Indian President) from 34 countries during 11 years of persistent teamwork.

The formula of this science answer is simple: "The conscious peace from spherons’ structural harmony excludes war." It means that the end of war and militarism can be put o­nly at the genetic level of the structural harmony of spherons’ global peace. Spherons are the population deepest stochastic structural classes / communities, employed in the four spheres of social production as the eternal and continuous social "autopoiesis" (self-production, H. Maturana) of humankind.

The discovery of spherons has been proved in the GHA and now it is constantly proved by statistical researches in different countries, the number of which is growing. In our paper, the results of a statistical research of India's spherons for 2011 based o­n the population census. The evidences from other countries are presented in similar researches from Ghana, Pakistan and Russia.

These innovative international researches of spherons are exclusively important for the development of a fundamental scientific theory of global peace and for the renewal of paradigmatic peace education in the 21st century in order to “end the war before the war puts an end to humanity.”

Keywords: spherons, structural harmony, global peace science, tetrasociology/sociocybernetics, spherons theory, global peace genetics, Indiacensus 2011



1. Tasks and conception of research

Part 1. Theory
2. Methodology of the SPHERONS and their Genome: Spheral statistics

2.1. Two statistics. Two logic of knowledge. Two paradigms of thinking
2.2. The Logical Foundations of Spheral Statistics: Sociocybernetic Axioms
2.3. Sociocybernetic Genome of social production: the object of spheral statistics
2.4. Priority areas of application of spheral statistics

2.5. Spheral indices of SPHERONS: two clusters of employment

Part 2. Statistics. Empirics.
3. Statistics o­n employment in India
. Classification by economic activity
4. The method of determining the number of SPHERONS of India
5. The determination of the number of nonworking population (P1n) of India for 2011
6. Number of SPHERONS of India for 2011
7. Conclusion. Problems and significanceof the research
8. References


1. Tasks and conception of research


         The purpose of our statistical research is to determine the number distribution of the population of India by spheral classes, SPHERONS, based o­n the last census of the country's population in 2011. Spherons constitute the fundamental societal structure of the country, which determines all its parameters. Their research is necessary in order to compare it with the censuses of the population of other years and to determine the dynamics of the SPHERONS of India, which is compared with the dynamics of the SPHERONS in other countries. Such a comparison will allow us to find the most favorable and effective pattern of their dynamics for the progress of the country.

         To achieve this goal, the following conceptual solutions were used:

• Socio-cybernetic axioms of spheral statistics and Spheron's indicators;

• SPHERONS definition;
• Classification of SPHERONS and their spheral indices;
• Traditional classifications of economic activity in India;

• Methods and tables of the numbers of SPHERONS in India.

         The research result is the grouping/summing of the population of India by SPHERONS for 2011, which is expressed in the final table of their numbers.

         The strategic significance of the study is determined by the fact that the people/population making SPHERONS is the main productive force of society, the fundamental societal structure at the level of its deep genetic code and the priority social resource that produces all other resources of the society, including itself. Therefore, population spherons statistics is particularly important for consciously regulating their genetic structural harmony in India in order to eliminate, minimize and prevent all its disharmonies: imbalances, disproportions, crises and armed conflicts, therefore, to ensure sustainable peace and prosperity at the national and global levels.


2. Methodology of the SPHERONS and their Genome. Spheral statistics


2.1. Two statistics. Two logic of knowledge. Two paradigms of thinking

        In the methodology of Spherons, two complementary types and levels of statistics: traditional and spheral are distinguished. Each of them is connected with its own, necessary logic of knowledge and its own, necessary paradigm of thinking. Traditional statistics (TS) embodies/implements the most simple and accessible trend/vector/track of empirical knowledge from the parts, details to the whole. Spheral statistics (SS) embodies/implements the most complex and least accessible vector of theoretical knowledge from the whole to its fundamental parts, constituting it. To the two fundamental and complementary logics of knowledge correspond two opposite but complementing vectors/strategies of their interaction and mutual navigation. TS vector fills the logical/theoretical spheral indices with empirical content/meaning. SS vector classifies, compress, order, focus the infinite and chaotic space of empirical indices, meanings and details. The dignity of each of them is formed in the context and content of its own logic and paradigm of thinking.

         The main advantage of TS is its connection with reality, with the historical context and all its features, details, pros and cons in the different parts of the infinite social world or humanity. It is formed and lives in the empirical logic of knowledge and in the paradigm of partial thinking. The main advantage of the SS is the penetration into the eternal fundamental and deepest laws/structures of humanity, ensuring its life, survival, and stability in its entire history from beginning to end. It is formed and lives in the theoretical logic of knowledge and in the paradigm of holistic thinking.

          O­nly at the level of the SS, its holistic logic and the paradigm of thinking, the deep societal structural harmony of humanity as a whole becomes available, which governs and regulates all the stochastic, thermodynamic historical processes of all its local and national parts. Disharmony, war and militarism find ground o­nly in the TS, in the empirical logic and the paradigm of partial thinking, which are overcome in the SS, in the holistic logic and the paradigm of thinking.

         O­nly at the level of the SS, the sources and laws of global peace, social equality, fraternity, justice, unity, prosperity, liberation from all social pathologies, welfare and happiness of all peoples and individuals of humanity become clear. The peace and harmony of humanity is achieved o­nly in the logic and science of the whole, but through the logic of the parts subordinate to the first. Therefore, the SS becomes the decisive intellectual/scientific tool to achieve and ensure them, in what its unique meaning and fundamental importance for the future consist.

The philosophy and sociology of the SS, its deductive logic and paradigm of holistic thinking are deployed in the first, initial approximation in many works for more than 40 years of its development and research [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6] Here we confine ourselves to a brief outline of the most important features and interrelationships of the TS and the SS.

         Traditional statistics (TS) as a science has been developing since 1746, having covered a great evolutionary path of empirical development in each of the countries for almost three centuries. Three main attributes define the essence of this statistics: its national, sectoral/partial and empirical/inductive nature. With its undoubted need, social utility and virtues, it has a number of fundamental flaws who put it into question in the well-known expression: "There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics."

         The TS, due to its attributes, is largely arbitrary and subjective and amenable to all sorts of unfair manipulations, which gives rise to reasonable doubts about its objectivity and reliability. For this reason, it excludes a full-fledged comparison of statistical data from different countries and o­ne country in different periods due to constant changes in its key component — classifiers as well as their statistical indices devoid of fundamental base. But it began to realize, pose and partially solve this problem since 1853 (the first International Statistical Congress in Brussels), leaving it fundamentally unsolvable in its empirical methodology and between its industry segments: labor statistics, population statistics, statistics agriculture, health statistics, etc. This fragmentation of the TS is institutionalized at the global level by relevant international organizations and the UN departments. Here lies the central problem and the source of all the weaknesses/shortcomings of the TS, with which it fights at regional levels, but without much success and progress. Since the best statistics do not exist, they use it, trying to somehow limit, compensate and damping its defects.

          Another type and level of statistics is spheral statistics (SS), growing out of fundamentally different bases: from logical/theoretical prerequisites of knowledge of social production spheres as associations of its branches and their spheral elements/components/clusters: resources, processes and spherons. This allows statistics to acquire a global/universal character and find a single, comparable application in a social system of any order from family to humanity as a whole. The SS cannot and does not seek to replace/supplant traditional statistics, which is its feeding empirical soil and source. The SS can o­nly rely o­n it, contribute to its development and strengthening, and raise it to the level of fundamental science preserving all its necessary national characteristics.

          In more detail the emergence of spheral statistics, its first steps, the shortcomings of traditional statistics and the relationship of composition and decomposition of indices of two statistics are discussed in the book of 1992 and later [1; 2; 3]. The fundamental logical foundations of the SS in the form of its axioms are briefly presented below.


2.2. The Logical Foundations of Spheral Statistics: Sociocybernetic Axioms


         These axioms are formulated in the framework of the third order Sociocybernetics (spheres and spherons), which is based and grows out of Tetrasociology. It distinguishes two types and levels of statistics: traditional and spheral, which are inseparable and mutually complementary [3; 4]. This Socio-cybernetics integrates the whole complex of traditional socio-humanitarian sciences into a single Spheral Science based o­n the fundamental fact of a deep, genetic structural harmony of the spheres and spherons of society. Therefore, the sociocybernetic theory offers the most common/holistic and fundamental logical basis of spheral statistics in the form of the following axioms [5; 6.]

The first axiom. Products/Resources/Capitals

Society as a social production cannot exist without the four fundamental, necessary and sufficient societal/spheral clusters of products/resources/capitals: People, Information, Organizations and Things (material goods and services). These are perpetual manufactured products, resources and capitals of PIOT. Society is forced to continuously produce them in any space and time to live. (Comte, Park, Toffler, Parsons, Bourdieu, Braudel, Castells, Luhmann, Semashko, and others.) [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6]

 The defining productive resource among them is people united by employment in spheres into spherons, which produce all resources, including themselves, and ensure their harmony with the necessary measure of proportion between them. Each PIOT resource is the subject and product of the employment of the respective spherons, the o­nly necessary and sufficient criterion for distinguishing them and assigning/grouping people into spherons. Statistical indices of resources/products of PIOT in any units (natural, value, time, etc.) constitute the fundamental basis of spheral statistics.

The fundamental nature of PIOT is explained by the generalization that there was not and there is not a single person, family, group of people, or society who lived/functioned at least without o­ne of the four PIOT. It does not exist in reality and is impossible to imagine. Therefore PIOT is equally necessary and sufficient for the life of any social system. This axiom can be allowed for any autopoiesis and any life, but this requires special studies. PIOT resources are four substances with their own substantial laws but they are inseparable, mutually penetrate and can o­nly exist mediating each other. Therefore, the production of each PIOT resource can be carried out o­nly according to their specific laws, which require different technologies, branches and production spheres, but inseparable from each other.


The second axiom. Processes.

            It was formulated by A. Smith for the economy, for the production of things, but then extended to all PIOT clusters: every product needed to society goes through four stages/processes: Production, Distribution, Exchange and Consumption. These are the PDEC processes. (Smith, Ricardo, Marx, Keynes, Maturana and others.) [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6] Their harmony is determined by the harmony of PIOT and is expressed by their spheral indices.


The third axiom. Spheres.

The combination of the necessary spheral resources PIOT with the corresponding processes PDEC for the production of each of the four necessary spheral products creates four spheral structures - four spheres of social production. Each area at any historical stage combines the corresponding variables, emerging and disappearing branches and enterprises/units of each sphere.

Four spheres of production

1. Social sphere, or Sociosphere (S), the subject and product of which are L (people);

2. Information sphere, or Infosphere (I), the subject and product of which is I (information);

3. Organizational sphere, or Orgsphere (O), the subject and product of which are O (organizations, governance, order, politics, law, finance, defense, etc.);

4. Technical (economic/environmental) sphere, or Techno-ecosphere (T), the subject and product of which are T (things that include all material goods and services).(Marx, Spencer, Weber, Toffler, Parsons, Bourdieu, Braudel, Castells, Luhmann, Semashko and many others)

Together they are called “SIOT-spheres”. [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6 and many other authors] Their harmony is determined by the harmony of PIOT and is expressed by their spheral indices.
The sectoral composition of the four spheres is presented in the respective tables. [6, 32-36] These tables serve as a common spheral basis for various national and regional classifiers of economic activity and employment. Based o­n these tables, the number of spherons is determined as the sum employed in the respective branches/industries, the number and list of which are dynamic, volatile in different countries and regions.


The fourth axiom. Spherons.

The extremely large, societal groups/communities of people, covering the entire population, employed in four spheres of social production, in their branches and other production units, constitute four equally necessary and sufficient spheral classes of the population, called Spherons for short and for distinction from all other, partial classes and groups included in them.

Spherons/people are the o­nly resource that produces all resources, including itself. Therefore, from the spherons, from their quantity and quality, first of all, their knowledge of spheral clusters/elements of social production, their ability to quantify their measure in the corresponding, spheral statistics depend all: harmony, peace, efficiency, justice and all other parameters/characteristics of any society.

, spheral classes, engaged in the spheres of SIOT are:

1. SOCIOSPHERON, people employed in the sociosphere, the subject and product of which are people;

2. INFOSPHERON, people employed in the infosphere, the subject and product of which is information;

3. ORGSPHERON, people employed in the orgsphere, the subject and product of which is the organization;
4. TECHNOSPHERON, people employed in the technoecosphere, the subject and product of which are things. Together they are called "SIOT-classes/Spherons". (Parsons, Maturana, Giddens, Semashko and others) [
1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6] The harmony of spherons is determined by the harmony of PIOT and is expressed by their spheral indices. The key criterion for their differences is the subjects/products of PIOT for their employment. The most complete and detailed theoretical analysis of the spherons is presented in the GHA book “Global Peace Science”, in Chapter 1 [6, 20-52].

         Spherons have a non-linear and informal, stochastic/probabilistic and thermodynamic nature, focused o­n the production of PIOT resources in the SIOT spheres, to which each person belongs (in which he/she is employed) from birth to death according to his/her possibilities, abilities and needs. Employment of people is their universal life characteristic from birth to death. All other properties of people by which they differ — labor, property, power, education, and the like — are its particular manifestations or products.

         A self-conscious person is forced to belong to all spherons every day, because every day he/she must be busy in every sphere for at least the minimum amount of time, moving from o­ne sphere to another in order to satisfy his/her daily PIOT resources. This is his/her daily "microspheral" employment. But of the four spheres, o­nly o­ne, according to the maximum time of employment of an individual, according to his/her ability and professional preparation for it is the main “macrospheral” for his/her, which determines his/her main affiliation to o­ne spheron and what determines the nonlinear, probabilistic number of spherons. o­nly the “macrospheral” employment of individuals determines and constitutes the Spherons, which ignore the "microspheral" employment of individuals, which remains elusive for any statistics today. The multidimensional spheral topology of individual employment remains in its integrity inaccessible to it. Therefore, in any statistics o­n the combination of the listed reasons (change and scale of employment) the number of spherons can never be determined absolutely and unequivocally. It is always dynamic and stochastic in its object, which determines the probabilistic, thermodynamic nature of spheral statistics in general, spherons statistics in particular.

The fifth axiom. Inter-inclusion.

The listed 16 fundamental sphere elements/clusters of social production (society) are necessary and sufficient for it and the individual to live: the absence of at least o­ne of them makes it impossible. Spheral clusters exist in an infinite number of historical cultural forms and o­nly in mutual inclusion, coherent superposition, constant striving through the production activity of people/spherons to mutual harmony/balance/proportion, as the best condition for them to coordinate/coherent participation of everyone in everyone at all levels from the individual and the family to humanity as a whole. They constitute its Sociocybernetic Genome and the Genetic Code, which is preserved in all social changes and transformations (see below for its schema). The measure of the spheral/structural harmony of an integral social system determines the measure of its genetic vitality and sustainability, which is expressed by indices of spheral statistics, first of all spherons.


The sixth axiom. Measurement in spheral statistics.

Conscious control, monitoring, regulation and establishment of sociocybernetic harmony for 16 spheral elements are available, necessary and realizable o­nly by Spherons o­n the basis of Spheral science and its Spheral statistics, as the o­nly quantitative tool for measuring 16 spheral elements through matrices of spheral indices PIOT at all levels. By this dictates a tough need and the necessity to form spheral statistics, which will sooner or later be realized by humankind at the mature stage of its evolution, associated with its globalization and the achieved informatization capabilities, which become especially clear and tangible at the beginning of the 21st century. Spheral statistics can arise and develop o­nly based o­n traditional statistics within the composition and decomposition of its national statistical indices. These statistics, as emphasized above, constitute the necessary empirical basis of spheral statistics and as such is included in it. Spheral statistics begin with the statistics of Spherons themselves at all levels from the family to humanity as a whole, integrating the indices of the population of traditional statistics.


2.3. Sociocybernetic Genome of social production: the object of spheral statistics

          Sociocybernetic genome (SOCIONOME) is a structure composed of 16 spheral clusters constituting it: four PIOT societal spheral resources produced by the corresponding four SIOT spherons in the corresponding four SIOT spheres of the production, combining the corresponding four PDEC processes. The continuity and mutual inclusion of spheral clusters determines a sociocybernetic genome that is universal and constant for all societies and at all its levels: briefly SOCIONOME. It is a sociocybernetic, because it is an integral non-linear system of direct and inverse, stochastic cybernetic interactions of its spheral elements within the framework of a single self-organizing structural harmony of social production of any historical form and any level. The nonlinear, stochastic and thermodynamic nature of the spherons in the genetics of global peace is disclosed here [7].
         Schematically, the sociocybernetic genome of the structural harmony of spheres and spherons is presented as follows.



of structural harmony of spheres and spherons:

See in more detail [5; 6], http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=423 and video:

https://youtu.be/hbxY5lREOeA (8m)


Obviously, the key role in the socionome among its 16 fundamental elements belongs to the spherons/people who constantly reproduce it as bees in swarm processes, therefore their statistical research at all levels, especially at the national level, is crucial for establishing peace in each country, and mean at the global level. o­nly spherons can constitute the societal genome of humanity, its genetic code in all social structures and the genetics of global peace at all levels, broken o­nly by numerous economic, political, social and informational pathologies of certain historical groups - nations, partial classes, professional, religious, etc. groups. The o­nly spheral statistics can be a necessary instrument for their peace prevention and resolution that determines its social necessity and inevitability, which are implemented in the initial statistical researches of spherons.


2.4. Priority areas of application of spheral statistics


The scope of spheral statistics is as universal as the social production is universal and large-scale, which is identical to society as a whole. These areas are considered in many works. [1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6] Here we will confine ourselves to a brief list of priority areas of its application: global peace and disarmament for 50 years, global Internet - classification and orderly effective search of the necessary information in it, development of the digital economy and its digital technologies, large-scale/holistic and long-term forecasting of the future, artificial intelligence and “big data”, individual growth and development, global ecology, global harmonious democracy and governance, global harmonious education, roadmaps of overcoming key social pathologies: hunger, poverty, corruption, militarism, economic, political and gender inequality; the formation of a single social/humanitarian science, overcoming its traditional fragmentation, etc. The practical implementation of these directions of the innovative development of India ensures its peacebuilding leadership and prosperity in the 21st century.

The listed innovative areas of priority application of spheral statistics, its ability to find and offer a reasonable harmonious, nonviolent solution of all global problems/challenges of the past and prevent all new risks and crises provide it the place of the scientific leader (leading science) of the 21st century. It becomes the most powerful and effective intellectual tool of humankind and its global peace o­n this turning point in its historical path from disharmonious militaristic civilizations to a harmonious nonviolent civilization of spherons. This historical path begins in the 21st century along with its scientific spheral awareness, which was laid in the first decade of this century. [5a]


2.5. Spheral indices of SPHERONS: two clusters of employment


       The multidimensional topology of the vital employment of people/spherons excludes any “unemployment” of living people from birth to death. All people within this living space are always busy with something. o­nly dead bodies outside of it can be qualified as “unoccupied”/“unemployment”. Therefore, the notion of “unemployment” is excluded from spheral statistics and science, which investigate o­nly the employment/life of people, the population, and an infinite number of their groups defining its multidimensional topology. Within its framework, spheral statistics distinguishes between two fundamental clusters:

         The first cluster. Self-production or “autopoiesis” is the employment of each person by himself (“I”) from birth to death in such processes as nutrition, sleep, sex, hygiene, training, communication, sports, rest, relaxation, healing, recreation, etc. The term “self-production” (autopoiesis) was first introduced by Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela in 1973 [8] for theoretical biology to describe the self-reproduction of living cells. In 1990, they were rethought in the sociology of Nikolas Luhmann to characterize human communication as the main element of the social system [9]. Self-production or “autopoietic employment” belongs o­nly to the sociosphere, is o­nly a part of it and includes all types of “idle” human activity. All people by this part belong to the sociosphere and the sociospheron. The other part of their employment by economic, labor, “working” activity in all spheres they belong to all spherons. It is allocated in a separate cluster of employment, associated with all other resources except own "I".

         The second cluster. Labor, economic or “working” employment of people by the production of other resources, except for “I”. As a rule, it is formally established by the norms of labor, "working" activity of the society. Labor, “working” activity constitutes the "seniority" or “work experience” of a person, which, together with the time of autopoietic, “non-working” employment, constitute two inseparable and interdependent parts of human life.

These two employment clusters divide the entire population into two parts:

          1. The non-working (economically inactive) population engaged in the sociosphere with self-production, ‘autopoiesis’. It is denoted as P1n. There are various groups of the non-working population for various reasons: by age - children and non-working pensioners; by labor status – unemployed, jobless, domestic work, housewives; by academic status - students in full-time educational instituteincluding adults, not just children; for personal reasons - the homeless; health – disabled temporarily and disabled from birth. In spheral statistics, all these groups are combined into o­ne cluster of “non-working population” or “non-working” in the sociospheron as its economically inactive part in order to separate it from the working, economically active population engaged in labor in all four spheres.

         2. Working or economically active population engaged in all spheres. It is equal to Pw = P - P1n, where P - is the total population of the country for any year. From this group, the part of the active population that works in the sociosphere stands out - the indicator P1w denotes it. Then the number of Sociospheron will be equal: P1 = P1n + P1w. The three other spherons are the o­nly working population in three other spheres.

On this basis, the following spheral indices of spherons are introduced, which are used to express their numbers. Theyarepresentedinthetable.

Table 1. Spheral Indices of Spherons. Classifier of Spherons and their indices



Population/people of the country in a whole (or any its community)


Socioclass, Spheron-1, who are employed (working + nonworking) in the branches of sociosphere (first sphere);


Non-working population, who are employed in self-production (autopoiesis”)of sociosphere and forming the Spheron-1first part;


Working population in the branches of Sociosphere and who constitute the Spheron-1 second part. Therefore, P1 = P1n + P1w;


Infoclass, Spheron-2, who are working in branches of Infosphere (second sphere);


Orgclass, Spheron-3, who are working in branches of Orgsphere (third sphere);


Technoclass, Spheron-4, who are working in branches of Technosphere (economic, fourth sphere).


        Each spheral class is a separate SPHERON, covering a part of the population employed in o­ne of the four spheres of social production. In total, the number of four SPHERONS is the total population. This is expressed by the simple formula: P = P1 (P1n + P1w) + P2 + P3 + P4 or: Population / People = Spheron-1 (non-working + working in this sphere) + Spheron-2 + Spheron-3 + Spheron-4. This is the fundamental formula of the population/people of any community from family, city, country to humanity as a whole in the spheral indices of Spherons. Further, it is used o­nly for the population of our country - India.

          Spherons spheral indices - this is the fourth, but the defining part of the spheral statistics, all its indices. The whole set of spheral indices is represented by their infinite system of fractal 4x4n matrices, where n is a series of natural numbers from +1, -1 to infinity. The basic matrix of spheral indices of 4x41 size is:

P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

I1 + I2 + I3 + I4

О1 + О2 + О3 + О4

T1 + T2 + T3 + T4


         All matrixes that derive from a basic matrix are referred as spheral matrixes. All spheral matrixes elements are referred as spheral indices, which form spheral statistics and which are essentially different but connected with the traditional (branch or industrial) statistics. In this way, all branch indices are integrated in spheral indices, where they are regulated and systematized in harmonious (spheral) logic. However, it is important to note that spheral matrixes, spheral indices, and spheral statistics do not appear in industrial statistics, which is illogical and disharmonious.

          The sphere matrix columns represent inputs of the corresponding production spheres, using PIOT as a resource, and the sphere matrix lines (rows) represent outputs of the corresponding manufacturing spheres that produce PIOT as a product.

The dual nature of spheral resources (and the spheral indices) as input/resource and output/product of the SIOT spheres is expressed in double letter/numerical (alphanumeric) representation of these resources and corresponding indices.

          This matrix is ​​constructed by dividing each of the four PIOT resources into four parts necessary for the production of each of them. A more detailed description of the structure and properties of the system of matrices of sphere indices can be found in many works but above all here [5, 49-51].

         Of all the features of this system of indices, we emphasize o­nly o­ne of its properties, which is of fundamental importance for calculating the number of spherons. Each subsequent matrix level of spheral indices précises the previous o­ne. This process is endless, as the system of these indicators is endless. Therefore, the calculations of the number of spherons at the first, basic level are rough, which are subsequently refined at subsequent, deeper levels of their integrity. In particular, at this level, groups of “specialists of different qualification level” within the spherons are not taken into account and do not differentiate that slightly distorts their numbers, but this error is removed at the level of a subsequent matrix of 4x16 indicators, and etc. This group is insignificant in number, therefore the error in its number does not exceed the permissible norm of statistical error.

         We emphasize again, the statistics of spherons is o­nly the fourth, but the most important and difficult part of the spheral statistics with which it begins. Its other parts relating to other resources should be formed in the corresponding statistical studies, which are beyond the scope of our study of spherons. Therefore, we do not touch them here - this is the subject of future research.


3. Statistics on employment in India


         Since the classification of the population by SPHERONS is unknown to traditional statistics and is not used in it, their number can be indirectly determined from the available statistical data and their national classifiers.

In this study, the following main sources of statistical data o­n employment of the population of India are used, primarily from the 2011 census.[10; 11; 12; 13] The statistical classification by economic activity adopted in the 2011 Indian census was used here. It corresponds to (or does not correspond to?) the statistical classification of economic activity adopted in the European Union (NACE Rev. 1). (If it is not accepted, then simply delete the question).

         (Note. Each census in each country includes/has a national or regional classifier of types of economic activities. Such classifiers constitute the top and ceiling of empirical/inductive generalization and thinking of traditional/national statistics, above which it cannot rise. The same time, this ceiling/limit serves as the main generating source/requirement of fundamentally new, theoretical spheral statistics. Therefore, in any statistical research of national spherons this classifier should be present, which should be used as a basis and starting point for spherons’ statistics, for their research and for the formation of spheral classifiers of the society activities.)

          This classification allows us to determine the number of SPHERONS engaged in four areas, using the number of people employed in each sphere branches of India.


Table 2. Economic Activities


Economic Activities




































4. The method of determining the number of SPHERONS of India


The method of determining the number of SPHERONS (working, economically active) of the population of India is a grouping / summation of workers in sectors of India according to the structure of four SPHERONS. Our methodology also uses the methodological elements of the three previous statistical studies of spherons in Russia, Ghana and Pakistan. [14; 15; 16; 17]


5. The determination of the number of nonworking population (P1n) of India for 2011


Table 3. Employed self-production (non-working, economic inactive), millions


P1n = Employed self-production, sum of non-working, economic inactive:




Age group 0–14 years:




Age group 15–72 years, inactive (students, pensioners, invalids, housewives and etc.):




Age group 15–72 years, jobless:




Age group 15–72 years, homeless:




Age group 73 and older, inactive (pensioners, invalids, housewives and etc.):








This is calculated according to the population of private households in India by age groups, gender and economic activity. [10; 11; 12; 13]


6. Number of SPHERONS of India for 2011


Table 4. Number of SPHERONS of Population in INDIA for 2011, in million people

Spheral Indices

The Employed in Branches of Four Spheres




All Population of Russia: P = P1+P2+P3+P4




SOCIOCLASS, Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + P1n




P1w = sum of employed (working) in the branches of Sociosphere:
















P1n = Employed of self-production, sum of non-working, economic inactive:




Age group 0–14 years:




Age group 15–72 years, inactive:




Age group 15–72 years, unemployed:




Age group 15–72 years, homeless:




Age group 73 and older, inactive:








INFOCLASS, Spheron-2:

= sum of the working in the branches of Infosphere:








Science and scientific services








ORGCLASS, Spheron-3:

= sum of the working in the branches of Orgsphere:

















= sum of the working in the branches of Technosphere:












































Statistical error



Total in Table 5 are 32 indices + statistical error.

The calculations were performed o­n the average number of employees for 2011.

Note. o­n the basis of available publications and statistical data, we could not allocate the employed in culture (libraries, archives, museums, radio and television, etc.) of economic activity “OTHER COMMUNITY, SOCIAL AND PERSONAL SERVICE ACTIVITIES” to exclude this population from Sociosphere and to include in Infosphere.


7. Conclusion. Problems and significance of the research


         The problems of this statistical research in India are caused by its novelty (nobody has conducted similar studies) and its colossal laboriousness. These problems will become especially apparent when expanding the content of research, for example, as proposed in its Program [6a], including an analysis of the economic situation of SPHERONS, their income, their gender, their participation in government, their education and, similarly, their qualities in dynamics for years, in different countries and at different levels from municipal to global, starting from schools, hospitals, small businesses and settlements to large corporations, cities and countries.

The significance of this study is difficult to overestimate.

          First, the statistical analysis of the number of SPHERONS in India for 2011 opens up a fundamentally new opportunity to create and develop global (spheral) statistics as a common denominator of the bad comparable national statistics of traditional branch nature that are now developing in this direction, but very long and poorly. The brabches and activities within spheres appear and disappear, change names, unite with others and are divided into several new o­nes, differ in different countries and in different periods of o­ne country, are classified in different ways and in different periods of o­ne country - they are constantly changing. This is inevitable, necessary and good, but at the same time it is bad because of the lack of a common, stable and unchanging platform and common denominator for comparing them, for generalizing and streamlining their chaos. Compared to them, spheres and their classes, SPHERONS, their spheral statistics are constant and eternal for any country and for any historical period of it. This will ensure the sustainability and uniformity of global/spheral statistics for a single global peace in the future.

         Secondly, if spheral statistical studies were possible for several countries (Ghana, Russia, Pakistan and India) in different years with different national statistical classifiers, then they are equally possible in all other countries, despite all the differences in statistical classifications and indices systems in every country. But this is an extremely labor-intensive innovative work that requires the efforts of the relevant scientific statistical institutions in each country, without exception, because global spheral statistics is needed by each country in the global economy. Without this, it is impossible not o­nly prosperity, but the minimum balanced development of each national economy. This is especially important for such the largest country in the world as India. The study of its spherons is necessary not o­nly within the whole country as a whole, but also in each of its states, provinces, cities and settlements. This need of the 21st century creates the need to create tens of thousands of new highly professional jobs in India at all levels for continuous statistical observation, monitoring, analysis, regulation and forecasting of fundamental spheral trends in the country's social production. This is a special, promising and innovative value of the spheral statistics for India, which begins with our study of its spherons for o­nly o­ne year - 2011. As they say, “the worst is the beginning”. Without spheral statistics, a new, breakthrough development of the Indian economy at its digital stage is impossible.

          Third, a statistical study of the spherons of India opens up the possibility of quantifying the causes and sources of all disharmonies, imbalances and disproportions in the country, which helps prevent all wars and armed conflicts, paving the way for their reasonable, non-violent and peaceful solution. Global/spheral statistics is a necessary element of the Global Peace Science, without which it cannot exist and the necessary technological tool for its implementation in the process of conscious building global peace. To the place of baseless and eternal accusations of the warring parties, it is able to put an accurate, statistical assessment of the scale of mutual contradictions and disharmonies, as well as indicate ways to eliminate or minimize them in mutual interests and in a nonviolent way.

           Fourthly, the development of spherons’ spheral statistics allows us to raise the great practice of non-violence of Mahatma Gandhi from the intuitive and spontaneous level to the level of conscious and scientifically based practice of harmonious management and organization of social production in the country. This is extremely important not o­nly for India, but also for asserting nonviolence in all countries o­n a global scale, in which India has the role of a world leader. India can lift it to the level of the global digital economy of the 21st century o­nly with the help and based o­n intensive development of spheral statistics within countries and show all countries the path to global peace and non-violence from harmony through the spheral statistics science as the greatest “soft power”. Gandhi wrote, “Non-violence [harmony, peace] is the greatest power in the hands of mankind,” which becomes available to all nations when it is armed with science and its spheral statistics.   This work will make the practice of Gandhi’s nonviolence global thanks to the new, spheral science and its statistics, the soft power of which India could take priority in, starting with statistical studies of India's spherons at all levels. Their intensive innovative development under the flag of Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolence is the best global and peace-loving image of India and its leadership in the 21st century.

         Such national studies will allow to create standards/laws of societal harmony of spherons and o­n their basis - a macro statistical spheral map of the state and development of a country with all its positive and negative trends, including trends in the growth of social tensions between parts of spherons in different regions and at different stages. Within spheral statistics, fundamental, large-scale and long-term forecasting of all societal processes and social risks arises along with their quantitative/statistical assessment of the degree of approximation/distance from/to the optimal measure of the structural harmony of spheres and spherons at all levels from local to global.This knowledge will allow the country's leadership to find harmonious solutions and ways to overcome these disharmonies and provide a stable peace from the structural genetics of national spherons.

          Fifth, the development of all social sciences, primarily forecasting, depends o­n the global/spheral statistics of SPHERONS, without which “the future loses certainty” because “Today, the mathematical theory of forecasting (which is inseparable from statistics – S.C and S.P.) has neither enough depth in the theory of forecasting nor satisfactory breadth of coverage in the range of application areas that are particularly important for practice. These factors cannot but affect the credibility and long-term impact of both discussed and proposed forecasts”[18]. The future has lost certainty in traditional social science and the statistics of a dying industrial civilization, which has no future. But it finds definiteness in the concepts and spheral statistics of the Global Peace Science (GPS), which has access the structural harmony of spherons in its societal genome, which constitutes the “deep prediction theory” [6]. This future is a harmonious civilization of SPHERONS, a conscious/scientific global peace without wars, nature conservation, equality (gender, economic and political), justice and love, the world leader of which in the 21st century can become India with its spheral statistical researches.

Sixthly, the most important, general conclusion from the statistical study of the Indian spherons is that their spheral statistics, logic of cognition and the paradigm of thinking open the way for the realization of the great precepts of the 20th century for the first time, making the key epistemological tool of their practical implementation, which nobody did not imagine formerly. It leaving these precepts and demands of the last century geniuses impossible and fantastic for traditional thinking, which created global problems. They understood this well:"The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them," - Albert Einstein. They formulated their precepts and requirements as follows:

"Mankind must put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind," John Kennedy.

"We must shift the arms race into a peace race," Martin Luther King Jr.

For this, We shall require a substantially new (SPHERAL- L.S.) manner of thinking if mankind is to survive,” as “Peace cannot be achieved through violence, it can o­nly be attained through understanding” (thinking, science, spheral statistics), Albert Einstein and others.

Because, "Nonviolence [harmony, peace, science] is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind," Mahatma Gandhi; and "The mightiest tool [of peace] in the world is the truth," Leo Tolstoy.

The spheral statistics of the India’s spherons with a concrete example shows how these impossible covenants and fantastic requirements for traditional thinking can become real in the daily practice of the peoples. Similar studies in all countries will create a global scientific precedent for the formation of a powerful alternative to war, militarism and military science, to put an end to their century-old triumph "before war puts an end to mankind."

Conclusion. The first statistical evidence and research of the spherons of India has the great scientific, political, economic, peacemaking and humanistic significance for the country. Its global significance is inseparable from its national significance, and vice versa. Our research, along with others in other countries, proves the reality and the key role of Spherons in the life of every national society and humanity as a whole. These researches raise social cognition and thinking to the level of fundamental science, which opens up before humanity the unprecedented perspectives for breakthrough transformations in our century.


8. References


1.Semashko Leo (1992) Spheral Approach: Philosophy, Democracy, Market and Human. St.-Petersburg, 368 p.: http://peacefromharmony.org/docs/leo-semashko-spheral-approach-1993.pdf

2.Semashko Leo (1999) Sociology for Pragmatists. Textbook for the university students. Part 1, St.-Petersburg, 376 p. (in Russian): http://peacefromharmony.org/docs/sociologiya-dlya-pragmatikov.pdf

3.Semashko Leo (2002) Tetrasociology: Responses to Challenges. St.-Petersburg State Polytechnic University (in Russian and English), 158 p. http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=145

4.Hornung Bernd, Bernard Scott, Leo Semashko (2003). Tetrasociology and sociocybernetics: towards a comparison of the key concepts. P. 222-232: http://peacefromharmony.org/docs/2-2_eng.pdf

5.Semashko Leo and the GHA 75 coauthors from 26 countries (2012) The ABC of Harmony for World Peace, Harmonious Civilization and Tetranet Thinking: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=478

5a. Semashko Leo and 119 coauthors from 34 countries(2009) Harmonious Civilization:


6.Semashko Leo and 174 coauthors from 34 countries(2016) Global Peace Science: http://peacefromharmony.org/docs/global-peace-science-2016.pdf

  1. Afanasyeva Vera, John S. Avery, Timi Ecimovic and Leo Semashko (2017) Thermodynamics and Negentropy of Spheral Classes Societal Harmony: Global Peace Thermodynamics: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=756
  2. Maturana, Humberto & Varela, Francisco ([1st edition 1973] 1980). Autopoiesis and Cognition: the Realization of the Living

9.Paetau, Michael. Niklas Luhmann and Cybernetics. Journal of Sociocybernetics. Vol 11 No 1/2 (2013): https://papiro.unizar.es/ojs/index.php/rc51-jos/article/view/790

10.Indiacensus 2011: http://censusindia.gov.in/,

11. http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-Common/CensusData2011.html



14.Kashina Olga and Leo Semashko (2014) Statistics of SPHERONS of Russia for 2010: Methodology, Sources and Number. http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

15.Semashko Leo and Olga Kashina (2018) Global Peace Genetics: Structural Harmony of Russia’s Spherons in their Statistics for 2010, 1996 и 1991: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

16.Amoah Stephen and Ayo Ayoola-Amale (2018) Global Peace Science: Structural Harmony of Spherons and Statistics of Ghana’s Spherons for 2010, 2000 and 1984: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

17.Noor M. Larik, Rashida Bokhari, Mazhar H. Hashmi, Zia-ul-Islam (2018) Global Peace Science at the Structural Harmony Genetic Level: Statistics of Pakistan’s Spherons for 2014-15: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

18.Sadovnichiy Victor, Ikeda Daisaku (2013). At the Turn of the Century. Dialogue o­n the Essentials— Moscow: Moscow University Press



Dr. Subhash Chandra,

GHA President & Chairman Board,




Dr. Surendra Pathak,

GHA Vice-President,




Dr. Leo Semashko,

GHA Founder and Honorary President,




6. Algorithm of Using the Indian Spherons Statistical Research Pattern
in any Other Country.

          Introduction. The following template/pattern of statistical research of Spherons of India (15 pages) was created as a generalization of the practice of similar studies in the GHA during 5 years, since 2013, in 8 countries at different levels. These studies were published in two places: until 2016 in the GHA book “Global Peace Science” (GPS) in Chapter 2: http://peacefromharmony.org/docs/global-peace-science-2016.pdf and after 2016 here: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

The pattern purpose is: Minimize as much as possible the time and labor costs to Spheron's statistical researches in any country and in any of its structural, territorial, or functional units and levels, in order to ultimately make these studies accessible to any competent and thinking person. Through them, people are attached to the corresponding spheral harmonious thinking and understanding of the deep genetic code of the peaceful development of any society and any part of it. The pattern simplifies such a research/study, limiting it o­nly to filling its two tables (#3 and #4), which takes no more than 2-4 days, and authoring the methodological part, which is the same for all studies, but can be modified in some details according to individual scientific inclinations of its authors.

The intermediate result of using the pattern. In January / February 2019, the GHA will publish a new book devoted to the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, which will include all statistical studies of spherons o­n this pattern in 10-16 countries under the title: “Spherons : Genetics of the global world. International Statistics and Socio-Cybernetic Paradigm of Sphere Harmonious Thinking ”. (It may change). This book will be the most powerful scientific, empirical evidence of spherons, their reality and key social value, which makes the statistics of spherons the most important tool of the Science of Global Peace.
A new technological digital instrument of spheral statistics will inevitably attract world attention / consciousness to this science and shift it from the war, which it occupies almost 100% now, to peace, to the science of peace and to its understanding, o­nly through which it is attainable, as Einstein claimed 70 years ago. This book will also be presented to national governments, departments of statistics and innovative digital technologies to initiate relevant developments and their financing. The GHA will send this book, like the previous 8, to international organizations: the UN, UNESCO, the largest universities and libraries in the world, in order to attract the attention of scientific organizations and world civil society to a new approach and a new, scientific understanding / thinking of global peace and nonviolence through the spheral statistics of their spherons genetic structural harmony.

Step by step algorithm for using a pattern

The authors determine the composition of the team of authors of their research by their decision without any limitation.       
1. First step. The authors of the spheronsresearch of any country or its region change the pattern title in accordance with their country / region, statistical year / period and their target orientation, which will determine the name of their study.

2. Second step. The authors determine the composition of their research authors teamby their decision without any limitation. Coauthorship of Leo Semashko you can save, or do without him at your discretion. In any case, you can count o­n his help and recommendations in your researchanytime.

3. Third step. The authors change the name of the country in the “India” pattern text to the name of their countryeverywhere.

4. Fourth step. The authors carefully study the methodological part in order to understand the validity and structure of the two final statistical tables of the study: # 3 and # 4.

5. Fifth step. The authors find the necessary sources of statistical data to complete the final tables. The best source is the national censuses but they do not exclude other sources.

6. Sixth step. The authors choose from statistical sources the necessary data (about 50-70 indices) and calculate (summarize) o­n their basis the values ​​of the spheral indices, which fill in the research final tables.

7. Seventh step. The authors, based o­n the obtained spheral statistics of spherons and in accordance with their special scientific interests, correct / edit the abstract and methodological part of the research, as well as the list of references, supplementing it with their own works and used sources of statistical data.

The authors could compare the theoretical and statistical parts of the spherons researches made earlier in 8 countries.

8. Eighth step. The authors complete the research text in accordance with the requirements, accompanying it with a brief biographical identification of each co-author and send it in the required format, in the required period to the required address.

All these research steps require a maximum of 2-4 days of dense work.

Dr. Leo Semashko

GHA Founder and Honorary President




GHA project: Spherons of Gandhi’s Nonviolence. Approval until November 6

Dear GHA members, friends,

I am happy to offer you for your discussion and approval by your “YES-NO” a new, 67th GHA project “Spherons of Gandhi’s Nonviolence”, dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in October 2019, during 3 days until November 6 inclusively, which you will find in the attachment and which is published here: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=848

         Silence in this obviously important, useful and necessary project will be perceived positively. Active work o­n the project will continue throughout November and December, as well as early next year (January) until the publication of statistical studies of spherons from different countries (10–16 countries) in February in a special book: "Spherons: Generics of Global Peace and Gandhi Nonviolence. International Statistics and Sociocybernetic Paradigm of Harmonious Thinking."

Therefore, you and especially the coauthors of this book will have more time to think about it, and to make your own statistical research of Spherons in your country at any level and discuss it with a new book coauthors.
        Best wishes for peace from harmony through science,
Dr. Leo Semashko,
GHA Honorary President,


+ Your statistical research of spherons

Dear GHA members, friends,

         In connection with our project “Spherons of Gandhi Nonviolence” in the attachment (updated), the main focus and priority of which is concentrated in the Indian template/pattern of their statistical research in any country / city / university, etc., the GHA is happy to invite you to make your intellectual contribution to understanding key actors of nonviolence.
         Your statistical study of spherons o­n the proposed sample is limited to filling out o­nLY TWO tables of about 50 indices, the search and summation of which will require no more than 2-4 days of work from you. Your research will be published in the new GHA book (see below), dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Gandhi birth. If you are not indifferent to the fate of his nonviolence, then you could back it up with your scientific statistical contribution, which requires nothing from you except short time.
         We hope you will not regret it for the great legacy of nonviolence, so that it lives a new life and not dies. Only in this way can you verify the correctness of the Spheron hypothesis or disprove it. There are no other scientific paths for this.
         Best wishes for peace and nonviolence from the harmony of Spherons,


Project "Spherons of Gandhi’s Nonviolence" approved by the GHA

+ Against US/NATO Military Bases

Dear GHA members, friends,

          I am happy to announce that the 67th GHA project “Spherons of Gandhi’s Nonviolence” was approved by the GHA and published in an updated form here: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=848. We received dozens of strong confirmatory responses and not a single fundamental objection to the project. GHA thanks everyone for its strong support.

          In the coming days I will post o­n the site the most important responses. But the project renewal will continue with both new coauthors, and new researches of national spherons, and new responses. Nothing prevents us from returning to the projectseparate aspects, if necessary. The banner of this project, expressing its deep essence, which coincides with the GHA mission, was published at the very top of our website: http://peacefromharmony.org:

At the same time, with a positive banner, we published another, negative, anti-militaristic, but inseparable with it here: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=849

          We invite all GHA members and its friends to support the Anti-militarist Conference in Dublin o­n November 16-18 "Against US/NATO Military Bases" (https://www.pana.ie), which number more than 1000, i.e. nearly 30–40 bases in each country as targets for nuclear strikes in Europe. Active protests against military bases are a powerful tool of Gandhi’s nonviolence.

           However, o­nly fundamental societal actors/subjects of nonviolence, global peace and “The Great Peace Charter XXI” (http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=834) – Spherons - can resist to military bases and militarism in a whole. Spherons determine the genetic code/matrix of the mightiest “soft force” of nonviolence/peace. The statistical tool for mastering of Spherons is revealed in our project. Therefore, the real anti-militarism and the conscious nonviolence of the 21st century begin with a scientific statistical understanding of the Spherons. Here hides the real source of peacemaking, nonviolence and anti-militarism in our century. Our generations are called upon to master it so that humankind received a real chance to survive in endless violence and insane militarism eradicating them.

         Best wishes for peace/nonviolence from harmony through spherons science,
Dr. Leo Semashko,
GHA Honorary President,


The most worthy responses to the Gandhi project:



The respected professor Leo,

I am immensely grateful for the opportunity to participate in this grand project.

Your call to Dablin I received and I prepared another article.

The complete statistical survey and article for SGN for 12. November's.

Thank you for the trust and numerous opportunities for Bosnia and Herzegovina to be part of good and useful changes in the world.
Thanks for posibility to be par of global project of peace,

Prof.dr.sc. Azra Adžajlić-Dedović

Faculty of Criminalistic, Criminology and Security Study

University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina




Dear Leo and all members,

        Yes I support this project.

From China where I’m learning a lot and dance peace when it’s possible, and because next year our congress of poets ´ll take place in India, two great countries we need for establishment of peace inside humanity spirit. And Gandhi is an example to follow, change the world without the violence.... what a great vision for our future. I agree also with Guy Crequie’s point of view. Science is out of the necessity of opening the heart for expressing our common soul.

         Dr Thea Marie Robert

WGHA member, Muse of harmony GHA,

Messenger of the culture of peace for UNESCO since 2000

From France, Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=467



I try to live in my own no violence land, my spiritual world that makes me love and search peace at every single moment. All my love.

Bella Ventura,



Wonderful Dear Dr Leo.

         I was in the land of Gandhi. It is the most important "No Violence"

Love and Peaceto all

Susana Roberts,






Dear all, greetings from Ghana.

        I think this is a laudable idea worth supporting. I say YES to this project. The proposed project name “SPHERONS OF GANDHI’s Nonviolence” is appropriate and highlights what Gandhi stood for.

Steve Amoah steveamoah@gmail.com

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837





DearDr.Leo & All GHA Members, Greetings from Spain,

My message is to let you know that YES I approve the GHA project: Spheron’s of Gandhi’s Nonviolence. Approval until November 6.

Friendly greetings of Peace & Harmony to all . Best regards.

         Prof. Dr. Dr. D. Justo Bolekia Boleká

Universidad de Salamanca, (Campus de Ávila)

Escuela Universitaria de Educación y Turismo

C/Madrigal de las Altas Torres nº 3

05003 ÁVILA

Telf.: +34 920 35 36 00 Ext. 3864

Móvil: + 34 636 21 99 18



           Through Amazon, I think, I have learned about an interesting book, Group Work:Cybernetic, Constructivist and Social Constructivist Perspectives, Raphael Becvar, Brian Canfield, and Dorothy Becvar, Love Publishing Co., 1997.The references cite the Mental Research Institute in Palo Alto, von Glasersfeld, Watzlawick, Brad Keeney, Ken Gergen and Virginia Satir.No mention of Ashby, von Foerster, McCulloch or Maturana.

              I think we should have a potential members list that contains the names of everyone who has written a book with "cybernetics" in the title.I think there are plans to do this.We should invite these people to each of our conferences and ask 2 to 4 of them at each conf. to explain their work.Cyberneticians seek to integrate the traditional disciplines.It seems we also need to integrate the field of cybernetics.Stuart A. Umpleby, Professor Emeritus of Management, Systems and Cybernetics, George Washington University, 212 Funger Hall, 2201 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, M: 571-305-0085, http://blogs.gwu.edu/umpleby. A recent article:“Reflections o­n Systemic Problems and Solutions.”(Paper)

Dear Stuart,

Your brilliant idea of ​​collective/group work in Sociocybernetics (SC) within the framework of the great “collective consciousness” of Durkheim inspired me and deeply in tune with me and the GHA peacemaking mission, which we have been performing for 14 years together in group/teamwork. This is also necessary for SC: global science requires global, group, joint, and united efforts. Bernard Scott, Berndt Hornung and I started doing this 16 years ago (in 2002) in joint articles. Unfortunately, later, due to various reasons, and now, due to the state of their health, our teamwork has been interrupted.

In this regard, I am happy to invite you to a joint statistical research of the US Sociocybernetic spherons as fundamental actors of nonviolence o­n the methodology and pattern / template proposed by our team in the new GHA project “Spherons of Gandhi Nonviolence” (20 pages, in attachment). The study of US spherons requires o­nly 3-4 workdays to fill o­nly two tables with 50 digits o­nly. You could invite a young assistant, a doctoral student or a graduate student asits co-author so that he can summarize about 50 indicators with a calculator. All the technical details and its basic justification, which you could edit at your discretion, you will find in the project.

I want now o­nly to emphasize the key importance of your research of spherons in all aspects. This study will make you the first scientist in America who discovered this reality of non-violence for it, crucial for it rescue from militarism, which threatens to kill it and by its military budget has already killed it half (the US military budget is 50% of America’s budget and threatens its life). With this study you will be the first American in sociocybernetics and the first sociocybernetician in America. This research will be done in America inevitable, why don't you be the first in it? It also opens in America a new source for the development of the global digital economy - spheral statistics, which are more reliable and more efficient than oil, gas and not to mention weapons. You obviously understand this, so I hope for your research of the US spherons, which will be a breakthrough in non-violence for the country and a scientific breakthrough for social cybernetics. It will be published in the new GHA book, which I would now call like this: "Sociocybernetic Spherons: Generics of Global Peace and Gandhi Nonviolence. International Statistics and Paradigm of Harmonious Thinking."

I will be happy to assist you in this study and send you the addresses of statistical institutes in the United States if you want. With hope for cooperation in your “group work” in SC, in our GHA spheral statistics and in the global nonviolence of Gandhi. In all these - the benefits and success! (Could I post my this letter o­n the CYBCOM network?) Thanks for the response. Regards,


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