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Dialectics of space-time

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2.7. Space-time dialectics

To conclude the analysis of SST coordinates and constants, let us review the dialectics of space and time as their interinclusion in different aspects, using the appropriate TetraSociological method. The first aspect is space's inclusion into time, space's and its coordinates temporality. In the spatial coordinates (resources, processes, structures), which are different from time, time is present as people's past and current life time, as their past and present r-employment's time. As we stated above, employment is identical with social time. Social time coincides with the human resource P, with the social's humanitarian component, which is incorporated into all social world's resources, processes and structures, permeating and linking all the topological parameters. In this respect, social space (resources, processes, structures) is a part of social time. This dialectics attests to time's priority over space. Indeed, if society's time is people's r-employment time, which is the source of all the social, then it is the source for social space as well and has priority in it. Social space is a form of time. Space is space, first, of past r-employment, incorporated into PIOT resources, second, of functional employment, incorporated into PDEC processes, third, structural-functional employment, incorporated into SIOT structures. All social space's coordinates, and their constants, are social time's modifications. Social space is delimited by past and present times, while social time incorporates, besides them, future time as well. So, social space is incorporated into social time, is lodged inside it, derives from it. Social time, employment creates both itself and space: drawing into its orbit all new natural resources, it expands social space, the space of the social. Social space's expansion is a necessary condition for the expansion of employment itself and social time. Arguably, social time (people's employment) creates social space (resources, processes, structures) in all its qualitative and quantitative dimensions.

From this aspect of space-time dialectics ensues a very important pragmatic conclusion. It says the following. If social time (employment time) is incorporated into all spatial coordinates and constants, if it is a resource for all PIOT resources, then it is their common denominator and gauge. All PIOT resources are reducible to time people expend o­n them. Time, in its turn, is reducible to cost and price. This enables us to gauge and count all social resources, and through them - processes, structures, and states, using the single sociological indices of time and cost. It is based o­n this that TetraSociology discovers sociological statistics as a system of specific, aggregated, sphere indices, and of algorithms for their transformation, which are explored below.

The second aspect of space-time dialectics is time's inclusion into space, social time's and its constants' spatial limitedness. Social time is people's employment, which, taken alone and in a pristine form, is impossible - it needs social and natural resources, due to which it exists. For employment to get realised and become productive (for social time to "get turned o­n"), it needs such preconditions as PIOT resources, SIOT structures, in order to get incorporated into PDEC processes, to merge with them. However, resources, structures, and the processes they determine are spatially limited, which limits employment and incorporates social time into social space. In this respect social time (people's employment) is incorporated into social space, is lodged in it and delimited by it. Social space determines the limits of social time's existence. Here, space is the whole, and time is its part. Therefore, social time is arguably a part of social space; social space delimits social time and determines all its qualitative and quantitative parameters. Social time is actually connected with o­nly o­ne resource - the human o­ne - and in this respect it is a part of the resources space.

Of these two aspects of space-time dialectics, the first is creative, the second is confining. The individual binds the two together; people exist both in employment's creative form, identical with social time, and as the confining resource, determining social limits of employment's space, which are social world's spatial limits. Such is the dialectics of society's space-time interinclusion. This dialectics posits space and time as equally necessary dimensions of the social world and any of its parts, but as differently prioritised.

The space-time dialectics amounts to more than the aspects explored here. It comes into action not o­nly at the level of space-time's 4 coordinates, but also at the level of the 16 variable constants and the 4 components of the social. From the variable interinclusion method's viewpoint, each of these 20 parameters INCORPORATES all the rest; each has the stamp of all the rest; each provides information about each o­ne of the rest. (This is why, with odd objects as the base, archaeologists can picture a whole epoch or civilisation.) However, a dialectics of social space-time with so many (20! Dimensions) is very effort-consuming and voluminous; it requires a kind of investigation that cannot be done in this book. Such is TetraSociological philosophy of social space-time.

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