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Peace from Harmony
Spherons of Gandhis Nonviolence. GHA Gandhi Book




Mahatma Gandhi.

Nonviolence Starting Point.

Spherons Genetics and Statistics.

 

GHA Research. Primer. Poetics. Design.

The GHA 67th Project. Approved: November 6, 2018

 

Publication:

In English: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=848

In Russian: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=788

 

 

Project/Book Coauthors

(Their list will be refined):

 

Ela Gandhi, granddaughter of Mahatma Gandhi

Mairead Maguire and John Avery, Nobel Peace Prize Laureates,

Shri Kanak Dugar, IASE Deemed University Chancellor

Theodore Mascarenhas, Catholic Bishop,

Alagan Annamalai, Director, National Gandhi Museum, the book editor

Leo Semashko, initiator and the book editor in chief,

Subhash Chandra, Pravat Dhal, Subhash Sharma, Maitreyee B. Roy, A.K. Merchant, Arvinder Singh, Amrita B. Chouwdhury, Surendra Pathak, Sanjay Tewari, Noor Larik, Rashida Bukhari, Zia-ul-Islam, Mazhar Hashmi, Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Steve Amoah, Heli Habirimana, Stephen K. Tabi, Bernard Scott, Rosa Dalmiglio, Takis D. Ioannides, Dionyssios Georgakopoulos, Ammar Banni, Marie Robert, Guy Crequie, Ernesto Kahan, Sabrina Gopala, Gopala Maripan, Maria Cristina Azkona, Susana Roberts, Celia Altshuler, Delasnieve Daspet, Rudolf Siebert, Vladislav Krasnov, Roger Kotila, Reimon Bachika, Michael Ellis, P. Giri, Andre Sheldon (46) Natalia Chigrina, Olga Kashina, Roksana Sadykova, Vera Popovich, Yulia Budnikova, Nina Novikova, Irina Kuris, Vera Afanasyeva, Alexander Semashko, Stephan Semashko, Andrei Semashko, Polina Semashko, Svetlana Kuskovskaya, Uraz Baimuratov, Edward Soroko, Alla Voronova, Victor Danilov, Ivan Ivanov, Alexayder Trubachev,

62 GHA co-authors from 25 countries:

Australia, Algeria, Argentina, Belarus, Brazil, Britain, Ghana, Greece, Denmark, Israel, India, Italy, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Russia, Rwanda, Northern Ireland, Slovenia, USA, France, South Africa, Japan

 

 

TO MAHATMA GANDHI

The 150th birth anniversary, October 2, 2019

DEDICATED

 

Authors dedication:

The book key meaning

 

The book, dedicated to Gandhi, in its deep meaning is dedicated to the memory of 138 million victims of 62 countries (71 million killed, 38 million injured, 29 million captured) of the Second World War (1939-1945) - unprecedented bloodshed/violence in the history of humankind. We offer in our book the scientific rationale for the Gandhian nonviolent tetranet thinking "the greatest force of non-violence of mankind that excludes the very possibility of violence, wars, militarism, shameful self-destruction of mankind, if it wants to survive (Albert Einstein) and end the war before the war ends mankind (John Kennedy). This threat of shameful self-destruction of mankind has grown many times through nearly 75 years after the WWII end and reached the limit of complete annihilation of life/biosphere or full ecocide/genocide. Only its overcoming by the Gandhis non-violence will ensure his life and save it from oblivion and extinction at future generations. For this, humanity should make the Gandhi first maxim: Nonviolence is the law of our life by avowed in order to overcome/hack the traditional Science without Humanity. In the new humanity science, in its tetranet thinking and in its new scientific language, its law of non-violence is revealed as the fundamental law of spherons and vice versa. This science overcomes the threat of ecocide/genocide and gives Gandhis nonviolence the second, eternal life!

 

 



Contents (preliminary draft)

 

Preface (it will be written last)

 

SECTION 1. Tetranet Thinking. Understanding Methodology of Nonviolence.
Structural Modeling Language in System/Spheral Design of Sociocybernetics

 

Introduction

1. Tetranet Thinking. Architecture and Methodology of Structural Modeling for Gandhis Nonviolence. L. Semashko, M. Maguire, J. Avery, B. Scott, A. Semashko, S. Chandra, P. Dhal, M. Roy, O. Kashina, V.Danilov, A. Ayoola-Amale, L. Pawlik, E. Soroko, V. Krasnov, R. Weir, S.Amoah, Z. Ul-Islam, S. Raza, M. Shaukat, (19 authors from 10 countries)

1.1. Tetranet Thinking: o­ntology. Philosophical Worldview Scheme

1.2. Tetranet Thinking: Epistemology. Attributes Structural Modeling in System Design

1.3. Tetranet Thinking: Sociology. Sociocybernetic Paradigm

1.3.1. Axioms of the Tetranet Thinking Sociocybernetic Paradigm

1.4. Tetranet Thinking: Statistics. Spheral Statistics Methodology

1.4.1. General Description. Two Statistics. Two Logic of Knowledge. Two Paradigms and Two Languages ​​of Thinking. Two Sciences of Humanity

1.4.2. Spheral Indices of Spherons as Genetic Societal Sources of Nonviolence

1.4.3. Spherons. Typical Pattern of Statistical Research

1.4.4. Statistical Sources o­n Working and Non-working Population

1.4.5. Tetranet methodology. Organizational conclusion

1.5. Summary. Two thinking: two destinies and two humanity futures. "Hack" o­ne, not to "die" and survive

 

SECTION 2. Spherons of Nonviolence: Their Genetics and Statistics

Introduction. Selection, composition and problems of spherons statistical researches. Leo Semashko

2.1. Spherons of different countries: Statistical tables

Ghana. Spherons statistics for 1984, 2000 and 2010. Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale

Tanzania. Spherons statistics for 2012. Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Stephen Tabi

Sierra Leone. Statistics of spherons for 2015. Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Stephen Tabi

Mauritius. Statistics of spherons for 2011. Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Stephen Tabi

Botswana. Spherons statistics for 2012. Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Stephen Tabi

Rwanda. Statistics of spherons for 2015. Habyarimana Heli

Pakistan. Spherons statistics for 2014-15. Noor M. Larik, Mazhar H. Hashmi, Rashida Bukhari, Zia-ul-Islam

India. Spherons statistics for 2011. Maitreyee B. Roy, Pravat K. Dhal

Greece. Spherons statistics for 2017. Takis Ioannides

France. Statistics of spherons for 2015. Thea Marie Robert

Russia. Spherons statistics for 1991, 1996, 2002 and 2010. Leo Semashko, Olga Kashina

Belarus and Russia. Statistics of spherons for 2015. Olga Kashina, Leo Semashko

Russia. Statistics of spherons for 2016. Alexander Semashko, Stephan Semashko

Kyrgyzstan. Statistics of spherons for 2015. Vera Popovich, Alexander Semashko

2.2. Spherons at different levels of different countries: Statistical tables

India. Statistics of Odish's state for 2015. Pravat K. Dhal

Pakistan. Spherons statistics for 2014-15 in four provinces. Noor M. Larik, Mazhar H. Hashmi, Rashida Bukhari, Zia-ul-Islam

Russia. Spherons statistics for 2016 at the different levels. Alexander Semashko, Stephan Semashko

Russia. Statistics of St. Petersburg spherons for 2010. Olga Kashina

Russia. Dynamics of school spherons in 2000-2013. Svetlana Kuskovskaya

Rwanda. Dynamics of college spherons in 2005-2013. Habyarimana Heli

India. Dynamics of college spherons in 2000-2013. Maitreyee B. Roy

Argentina. College spherons for 2010. Maria Cristina Azcona

Nepal. Dynamics of spherons of the university faculty for 2000-2013. Leela Pradhan

Algeria. Dynamics of university spherons in 2005-2013 Ammar Banni

Russia. Spherons statistics of the Republic of Bashkortostan for 2017. Roxana Sadykova

Russia. Statistics of spherons of the Ulyanovsk region for 2010. Victor Danilov

Russia. Statistics of spherons in urban state institution for 2019. Vera Popovich

Russia. School spherons statistics for 2018. Andrey Semashko, Polina Semashko

India. Statistics of spherons of University for 2018. Pravat K. Dhal, Subhash Chandra

2.3. Spherons statistics of 60 countries in the typology of the population age composition for 2016. Olga Kashina, Leo Semashko

2.4. Spherons. Statistical researches in the GHA: 2012-2019. Summary table. Leo Semashko, Olga Kashina

2.5. Spherons at the level of the individual, family and household. Digitalization of autopoiesis: an application for smartphones. Leo Semashko

2.6. Spherons: a story since the harmonious "Demiurge" (1976) to the UN Harmony (2018). Leo Semashko

2.7. Spherons statistics: conclusions and result for nonviolence. Leo Semashko

2.8. Spherons: Genesis and Genetics. The space of genetic trends and fundamental societal meanings of humanity. Hypotheses. Leo Semashko

 

SECTION 3. Gandhi's nonviolence in different perspectives. Articles

3.1.

3.2 ...

 

SECTION 4. Poetics of non-violence Gandhi

4.1.

4.2

 

SECTION 5. Applications

5.1.

5.2 ... ..

 

CONCLUSION.

Gandhi's Nonviolence in the Spheral Sociocybernetic Science. Collapse of the traditional humanities and their revival in the spheral sociocybernetics of non-violence. Execution of the key peacemaking precepts of the last century and the opening of the nonviolent era of the future in the 21st century

 

 

Introduction

 

We shall require a substantially new [nonviolent] manner of thinking

if mankind is to survive.

The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking

we were at when we created them.

Peace cannot be achieved through violence, it can o­nly be attained

through understanding [nonviolent science and thinking].

Albert Einstein, 1950


Those who do not understand the method will not understand

the depths of their own cultures.

Charles Snow, 1956

 

Mankind must put an end to war or war puts an end to mankind.

John Kennedy, 1963

 

In order to create our [nonviolent] future

our [violent] present has to be hacked.

Lucas Pawlik, 2019

 

The non-violence law is the law of spherons and vice versa.

Spherons are substance (Einstein) of a new, tetranet thinking,
ensuring non-violence, global peace and humanity survival.

The book authors, 2019

 

We, the GHA ninth scientific collective book authors, theoretically investigate in it the Mahatma Gandhis nonviolent story unique to humanity, which is most fully reflected in first-hand The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi in 98 volumes (CWMG).

The great legacy of Gandhi's non-violence, with all the immense multitude of its most diverse studies, remains undisclosed and incomprehensible in its deepest social law, which is defined by Gandhi himself: Nonviolence [harmony, peace] is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man. Nonviolence is the law of our life.(CWMG, V.?, P.?). The social meaning of this law of nonviolence remains a scientific mystery. We still do not know with which social structures of humankind nonviolence is connected, which o­nes generate, provide and define it and which o­nes violate it and deviate from it. We still do not have its understanding understanding in the humanities, the need of which was first spoken by the great Austrian cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster (Foerster, 2003). We are trying to fill this fundamental scientific gap in our book, relying o­n all previous achievements of the humanities and integrating/synthesizing them in the new sociocybernetic paradigm of the tetranet thinking, which is unfolded below.

We are convinced that the scientific understanding of the deep law of nonviolence requires a new intellectual tool, embodied in a new way of thinking, which rebuilds and lifts traditional thinking to a new level. The need for a substantially new manner of thinking for the survival of humanity in nonviolence was ingeniously concisely expressed by Albert Einstein: We shall require a substantially new [nonviolent] manner of thinking if mankind is to survive. The substantial novelty of this thinking is nonviolence that distinguishes it from the traditional violent and militaristic thinking of many thousands years of human history. This thinking was systematically laid out for the first time by Mahatma Gandhi. To build a system paradigm of nonviolent manner of thinking, we offer a new philosophical/worldview vision and a new scientific view to Gandhi's nonviolence in its two inseparable planes: spiritual/theoretical and practical/political. In our book, priority is given to the first perspective.

A new philosophical vision and a new scientific view constitute a new thinking, which we titled tetranet thinking, the meaning of which name is revealed below. It develops in many (eight) of the GHA collective books, of which we will name the last two collective summary works (Semashko&C, 2012; 2016), crowning the GHA paradigmatic search for 14 years of our collective consciousness (Durkheim, 1996). Our new book dedicated to Gandhi's non-violence is the study of this subject in the intellectual space of the "substantially new" (Einstein), non-violent, tetranet thinking, which is the most important navigation and most complex methodological component of this book. In this regard, the book begins with a description and explanation of the methodology of this thinking, through the prism of which a new, fundamental understanding of the social sources of Gandhi's non-violence is reached, to which he intuitively approached but the depressive nature of the social sciences did not allow him to reach their scientific definition.

Therefore we start the book with a brief markup and reamer/scan/evolvent of the methodological space of tetranet thinking from its general definition. Tetranet thinking (TT) is an intellectual interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary toolkit of the holistic rational sociocybernetic cognition/mastering the most complex systemic laws of self-organization of society (social reality), among which the law of nonviolence Gandhi plays a decisive role in the evolution, structure of survival and sustainable development of humanity o­n the planet beginning the 21st century.

The substantially new thinking of a deep understanding of Gandhis nonviolence is impossible without a new science and without new terms/concepts, which are briefly explained and defined below. The reader needs to be prepared for them psychologically in order to rebuild and update her/his traditional thinking substantially, of course, if she/he wants it and seeks to keep up with life and science. Whoever is not afraid of the tetranet thinking's new concepts will not be afraid of its substantial innovation, primarily in the new understanding understanding of the sources of Gandhi's non-violence in it.

 

Abbreviations list:

 

1.GHA - Global Harmony Association

2.TT - Tetranet Thinking

3.GPS - Global Peace Science from Harmony

4.ABC - ABC of Harmony

5.PIOT - Spheral resources of humanity: People, Information, Organizations, Things (material goods and services)

6.PDEC - Spheral Processes: Production, Distribution, Exchange, Consumption

7.SIOT - Spheres of Humanity: Sociosphere, Infosphere, Orgsphere and Technoecosphere

8.SIOT Spheral classes of humanity employed in the spheres: Spherons: Sociospheron, Infospheron, Orgsferon and Technoecospheron/Technospheron

9.SOCIONOME - Sociocybernetic Genome of humanity, genetic code of global peace, social harmony and nonviolence

10.TS - Traditional Statistics: from parts to the whole.

11.SS - Sphere Statistics: from whole to parts

12.Author&C - Author and coauthors

 

Nonviolence [harmony, peace, truth, love, justice, equality, fraternity]

is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest

weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man. Nonviolence is not

the inheritance of cowardice, it is always heroism.

Nonviolence is the law of our life.

Gandhi

 

1. Tetranet Thinking (TT).

Architecture and methodology of structural modeling for Gandhi's nonviolence

 

1.1. Tetranet Thinking: O­ntology. Philosophical Worldview Scheme.

 

The methodological space of tetranet thinking is exhausted by network structures o­n its four structural hierarchical levels: o­ntology - epistemology - sociology/sociocybernetics - statistics. Therefore, this space is interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary. Its methodological center is concentrated in a simple fundamental and obvious for all worldview structural model of four completely different, but mutually included as a whole/part, and therefore inseparable, constantly cybernetically interacting and continuously changing real universal components/clusters:

1. World (Earth, Nature, Ecosystem and the Universe as a whole) -

2. Society (production system of spheres of different nations, groups, generations and families) -

3. Human (genus, races, ethnic groups in a common complex of generical psycho-physiological attributes) -

4. I (the human person as an individualized system of generical attributes).

A detailed philosophical and sociological analysis of the theoretical backgrounds and sources of this model is presented here (Semashko, 1999).

In this model, all components are necessary and sufficient for being and cognition. All of them are observable and observing. They relate as a whole/part in the network / hierarchical architecture of the system design presented below. It is impossible to exclude a single element from this model, but there is nothing to add for the extremely simple coverage of the surrounding world in the first, most general for all people, approximation.

No o­ne will doubt in the existence of their own "I" as an individual, in the existence of other people constituting the human race, in the existence of society, including not o­nly people, but everything that they have created as their infrastructure and, finally, no o­ne will doubt the existence Universe, parts of which are all components/clusters of being. They constitute obvious realities accessible to the simplest intellectual and sensual/visual contemplation. Their reality does not require special evidence, they are available to everyone as an observer.

This model in the center of the upper o­ntological block implies God, who is embodied in all things, in all existence that goes without saying for all believers. God in all religions is recognized as the creator and guarantor of all the highest positive values ​​in their mutual connection: life, harmony, love, peace, reason, non-violence, truth, justice, equality, fraternity, unity, freedom, which Gandhi expressed well in the book My Religion"(CWMG, V.?, P. ?) and what later in social cybernetics was called the "heterarchy of values​​" (McCulloch, 1945).

Deviations and fluctuations around these values, as well as the pursuit to them as the highest and unattainable ideals - this is the fate of all existences, all transient particulars, including individuals. Therefore, this model, while preserving all the viable diversity of the universe and society, is acceptable to virtually all people without exception, regardless of their intellectual characteristics and religious preferences, and even more so from subjective caprices and individualistic whims. In connection with these spiritual and intellectual advantages, this worldview structural model can and certainly will, through tetranet thinking, be a powerful integrator of human consciousness and a common, unifying denominator of its spiritual differences, overcoming the enmity, hatred and incompatibility of traditional partial/transitory historical ideologies.

Each of the four components of the worldview model is a special level of unified reality composed of an infinite network of relevant elements whose life/existence is limited by two objective interrelated attributes: space and time, the continuity of which is proved by Einsteins theory of relativity and their specificity for each level is demonstrated by their whole story. The physical space/time of existence of society, humanity and the individual is limited by the space of the planet Earth and the cosmic time of its life. Within their framework, the space of the life of an individual is limited by two points: the dates of birth and death of each individual. The "space" of the life of society and humanity as a kind is limited to periods of its natural occurrence about a million years ago and its disappearance, which is lost in the fog of the future tense.

The history of humankind in time is the space of its achievements and mistakes that may question its life/survival. The man-made threat of self-destruction of humanity, i.e. the fatal error of its ecocide/genocide has already been created by traditional/partial thinking in our time in the form of nuclear weapons for a fully prepared nuclear war. This is the absolute evil of traditional thinking, which is now able to work o­nly o­n the self-destruction of humanity (Avery, 2017) This is a complete disregard for the survival of humanity in traditional thinking, which Einstein clearly wrote 70 years ago, demanding a substantially new [non-violent] manner of thinking. It is absent until now, because its very possibility is suppressed by false, violent/militaristic consciousness of modernity, heavily funded by the dominant new world order of the West, which has made lie the norm of its totalitarian democracy violence (Engdahl, 2009).

Each of the components of the worldview model is an object and subject of endless human knowledge. The eternal cognitive problems begin with attempts to penetrate and understand the internal structure and existential laws of each of the four fundamental components. In the tetranet thinking, o­n the basis of generalizations of human cognition, which will be presented below, the hypothesis of the universal four-spheral o­ntological structure of each of the components of the worldview model in the duplex/dual (ambivalent) structure of mutually limiting, defining and mediating attributes is accepted. Their duality/duplexity is grammatically expressed through slash /. In the most general definition, tetranet thinking in o­ntology is four-spheral and four-dimensional, therefore tetrad/tetravalent, and in its epistemology is binary, two-dimensional, therefore duplex/bivalent, i.e. dialectical.

Ontological objects/subjects of tetranet thinking are presented visually in the following philosophical scheme, which expresses the worldview structural model in the spheral system design.

 

 

We limit this structural model the o­ntological part and the explanation of tetranet thinking. A full sweep of the structural model in its epistemological part, for simplicity, is take out into the appendix of this book (p. 1-11). For logical link, from this part we save o­nly the focusing system design of its model below.

 

1.2. Tetranet Thinking: Epistemology.

Attributes Structural Modeling in System Design

 

Scheme-2. Epistemology

(N. Roerichs Peace Banner in this model is a symbol of not o­nly peace but also other higher values ​​of humanity: harmony, equality, truth, justice,
fraternity and love, as they are defined in the unity of nonviolence by Mahatma Gandhi
)


 

 

* Partons are partial, historically transient classes that make up spherons at different stages of social evolution as a constant societal/genetic structure of society. Their difference and commonality are explained here (Semashko&C, 2016). See also their explanation in the Appendix Epistemology of Tetranet Thinking.

The TT methodology in the following description is limited o­nly to social (Sociology) and statistical (Statistics) parts necessary and sufficient for understanding the underlying social sources of non-violence and violence in order to consciously and harmoniously regulate them, excluding violence.

The TT sociological methodology is focused in its sociocybernetic paradigm. Its structural model is presented in the system design of the societal spheres and spherons of the SOCIOCYBERNETIC GENOME in Scheme-3 below. This scheme is connected with the previous o­ne through its central unit/block (No. 4) Spherons/Infrastructure.

 

1.3. Tetranet Thinking: Sociology. Sociocybernetic Paradigm.

System Design of Societal Spheres and Spherons.

 

Scheme-3

SOCIOCYBERNETIC GENOME (SOCIONOME) of

Structural Harmony of Spheres and Spherons

 

More details o­n SOCIONOME see: The ABC of Harmony for World Peace, 38-43:

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=486and Video: http://youtu.be/hbxY5lREOeA

 

The proposed structural model with its countless chains of contours well expresses and illustrates the cybernetic position, in which all biological forms and machines are systems made up of circular causal feedback patterns.Therefore, this model is a sociocybernetic o­ne, because it, like cybernetics in general, set out to steer the circular causal interrelationship . modeling them as goal oriented feedback loops, chains. Our task to organize and control the cybernetic system of society becomes increasingly unmanageable as our conflicts escalate in economical, ideological, and military wars. [Pawlik, 2019, p. 59-60]

This model as a substantially new [non-violent] manner of thinking (Einstein) by chains of different, but interdependent resources, processes, spheres and spherons in their different categorical attributes and in different network and hierarchical feedback loops allows to transform their organization and ensure their holistic and harmonious nonviolent (Gandhian) governance at all levels (Semashko&C, 2016). Sociological analysis, development and explanation of this holistic structural model as a TT methodology are presented in its axioms below.

Several preliminary explanatory definitions. The categories of spheres of social production and spherons, classes/groups of people employed in the spheres of production are defined in the named Annex, and most detailed - in GPS (Chapter 1. Semashko&C, 2016). The category of societal to refer the largest, most stable/constant clusters of society was introduced by the famous American sociologist Talcott Parsons (1977). Other new categories are defined below.

 

1.3.1. Axioms of the TT sociocybernetic paradigm

 

         The sociocybernetic paradigm of TT as a sociological part of its methodology is based and grows out of Tetrasociology or Third Order Sociocybernetics (of spheres and spherons - societal clusters of societies), which integrate the first two (Semashko, 2012a). Sociocybernetics is the most abstract and generalized part of sociology based o­n Norbert Wieners principles of cybernetics (1948) and his many followers. Its most important quality and advantage is transdisciplinarity (Scott, 2019, 2-5). Sociocybernetics of the third order or Spheral Science" expands "transdisciplinarity" and makes its structural modeling universal in TT. It integrates the whole complex of traditional socio-humanitarian sciences into a single science based o­n the fundamental fact of a deep, genetic structural/spheral harmony of society, human, and all their system elements (Weir, 2018: Semashko, 1999, 2002, 2012, 2016). The TT methodology deploys and focuses its integrity and transdisciplinarity into a system of sociological/sociocybernetic axioms.

           The first axiom TT. Products/resources/capitals. Society as a social production/autopoiesis cannot exist without the four fundamental, necessary and sufficient societal/spheral clusters of products/resources/capitals, which it is forced to continuously produce to live: People, Information, Organizations and Things (material goods and services). In short, these are PIOT products/resources/capitals. The system sum/unity of PIOT within the boundaries of a country or its unit determines the relevant society or community, whose center is PEOPLE (P), and its infrastructure/periphery - three other resources.

          PIOT resources are substantially different in their nature, qualities and laws of life, which determines the substantial difference in the technologies, structures, processes, spheres and spherons of their production. They are not interchangeable. At the same time, they are mutually complementary and impossible without each other, so they are necessary and sufficient for each others life/production that constitutes their social genetic constancy/eternity along with the constancy/eternity of their spheres, spherons and all spheral structures in all infinite diversity of their historical, civilizational and cultural forms. This is their infinite variety within the framework of the finite, four-dimensional and constant, spheral diversity of PIOT.

The defining productive resource among them is people. They are united in terms of employment in spheres in spherons. They produce all resources, including themselves, and ensure the harmony necessary for the PIOT proportion between them. (Comte, Park, Gandhi, Toffler, Parsons, Bourdieu, Braudel, Castells, Luhmann, Semashko, etc.)

            The second axiom. Processes. It was formulated by A. Smith for the economy, for the production of things, but then extended to all PIOT clusters: every resource/product necessary for society goes through four stages/processes: Production, Distribution, Exchange and Consumption. These are the PDEC processes. (Smith, Ricardo, Marx, Keynes, Maturana, etc.)

The harmony of processes is determined by the harmony of PIOT.

The third axiom. Spheres. Combining the necessary spheral resources with the corresponding processes for the production of each of the four necessary spheral products creates four spheral structures - four spheres of social production, each of which at any historical stage combines the corresponding variables, emerging and disappearing, industries/branches and enterprises/units of each sphere. These are spheres: Social, or Sociosphere; Informational or Infosphere; Organizational or Orgsphere and Technical (economic, exciting ecology) or Technoecosphere, for simplicity - Technosphere. These are SIOT spheres. (The same authors as in 1, 2 axioms and many others authors).

The harmony of spheres is determined by the harmony of PIOT.

The fourth axiom. Spherons. Spherons are large, societal groups/communities/classes of people, covering the entire population, engaged/employed in four spheres of social production, in their branches and other units. They differ in the main (in time) employment in o­ne of the spheres, i.e. o­n employment by the production of o­ne of the PIOT spheral resources (Semashko, 2002, 69-70). Their most complete and detailed theoretical analysis is presented in the GHA book Global Peace Science, in Chapter 1 (Semashko&C, 20-52]. They constitute four equally necessary and sufficient spheral classes, called Spherons for brevity and for distinguishing from all other classes and groups belonging to them. Spherons are: Sociospheron; Infospheron; Orgspheron; Technospheron. These are SIOT-Spherons or SIOT-classes. (Gandhi, Parsons, Maturana, Giddens, Semashko, and others.) Spherons are the center of their sociocybernetic genome (SOCIONOME) in Scheme-3, and the rest is their periphery or infrastructure.

The harmony of spherons is determined by the harmony of PIOT.

The fifth axiom. Mutual inclusion. The listed 16 fundamental spheral elements of social production (society) are necessary and sufficient for its life (the absence of at least o­ne of them makes it impossible), exist in an infinite number of historical cultural forms and o­nly in mutual inclusion, in coherent superposition, in constant striving through the productive activity of people/spherons to mutual harmony as the best condition for them to ensure the balanced participation of everyone in everyone at all levels from family to humanity as a whole. They constitute its genome and genetic code, which is preserved in all social changes and transformations. The measure of the spheral harmony of an integral social system determines the measure of its genetic viability and sustainability.

The sixth axiom. Measurement. Conscious control, monitoring, regulation and establishment of sociocybernetic harmony of 16 spheral elements are available, necessary and realizable o­nly by spherons based o­n their spheral statistics. It is their o­nly quantitative tool for measuring 16 spheral elements through matrices of spheral indices PIOT at all levels based o­n traditional national statistical indicators. Spheral statistics begin with the statistics of the spherons themselves at all levels from the family to humanity as a whole.

The proposed axioms of the TT sociological methodology are integrated into the sociocybernetic genome, in abbreviated form: SOCIONOME in Scheme-3. Its definition: four social spheres resources POTS produced by the corresponding four spherons in the corresponding four production spheres, combining the corresponding four processes: production, distribution, exchange and consumption are common and constant for all societies in all their transformations and at all levels societal sociocybernetic genome. It is a sociocybernetic, because it is an integral non-linear system of direct and inverse, regulating, stochastic cybernetic interactions within the framework of a single self-organizing structural harmony (Soroko, 1984) of spheres and spherons of social production of any form and any level. The nonlinear, stochastic (swarm) and thermodynamic nature of spherons in the genetics of global peace is disclosed here (Afanasyeva, 2017).

Its driving energy, productive force, motor and heart are spherons, which ensure the preservation of its genetic structural harmony and the development of its infinite forms in social evolution. This is the genome of sustainable development and long life, the social "autopoiesis/self-production" of human society as a living species. It excludes wars by definition, since any mutual violence/destruction of any spheron as necessary and sufficient support of the life of any society is equivalent to the destruction of every society as a whole. War and violence can o­nly be partial and temporary genetic pathologies of some local societies and transient partial classes/partons, which either die naturally or are cured of them in the same natural way. Therefore, SOCIONOME is the genome of global and social non-violence, their genetic code, which remains constant in all the diversity of its endless sociocultural forms of the human historical evolution. Only peace/non-violence as the first condition of social life possesses genome and genetics. The war is devoid of it and represents o­nly its partial and temporary pathology as some failure, deviation or breakdown in its structural harmony of the spheres and spherons of social production.

The theory of spherons and their genome reveals the genetics of social non-violence as the greatest force of mankind by Gandhi, which becomes available to conscious regulation o­nly if there is adequate scientific knowledge, its digital technologies and corresponding sociogenic engineering of management and repair of some parts of the socionome in its partial militaristic pathologies. Only genetically peacebuilding spherons, scientifically aware of their own non-violent genetics, can put an end to wars, militarism and all social violence. o­nly they are able to do this non-violently, at an adequate genetic level, scientifically controlling own structural harmony in order to prevent and eliminate any causes of war. Therefore, humanity will be able to end the war/violence when it masters the genetics of non-violence/peace in the structural harmony of its spherons.

The application of TT to the analysis of Gandhi's non-violence is possible o­n the basis of the proposed methodology in studies of spherons as its source. Their statistical researches are presented in a wide range of countries and their internal units/elements below. Spherons and their statistics are inseparable from each other as two sides of the same coin of a single innovative social knowledge of non-violence in the 21st century.

Here we briefly formulate the methodology of spherons spheral statistics in order not to repeat it in each from their statistical research below.

 

1.4. Tetranet thinking: Spheral statistics methodology

 

          The methodology of spheral statistics is based o­n a key, basic matrix of spheral indices of 4x4 in size, from which a practically infinite system of derived fractal matrices of a different dimension is built using a simple algorithm: 4x4n , where n is a series of natural numbers from +1, -1 to infinity. The basic matrix of spheral indices of 4x41 size is:


P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

I1 + I2 + I3 + I4

1 + 2 + 3 + 4

T1 + T2 + T3 + T4

Spheral statistics began to develop and be explored more than 40 years ago in many of our articles and books (Semashko, 1992, 1999, 2002, 2012, 2016, and others), of which it is most fully presented in the Global Peace Science, Chapter 2 (Semashko and C, 2016). Its general description is briefly presented below.


1.4.1. General description. Two statistics. Two logic of knowledge.

Two paradigms and language of thinking. Two sciences

 

In the methodology of spheral statistics, there are two mutually complementary types and levels of statistics: traditional and spheral. Each of them is connected with its own, necessary logic of knowledge and its own, necessary paradigm of thinking. Traditional statistics (TS) embodies/implements the simplest and most accessible trend/vector of empirical knowledge from parts, details to the whole. Spheral statistics (SS) embodies/implements the most complex and least accessible vector of theoretical knowledge from the whole to its fundamental parts, which constitute it and to their components and details. Two fundamental and complementary vectors of their interaction and navigation strategies correspond to these opposite but complementary logic of cognition. The TS vector fills the logical/theoretical spheral indices with empirical content/meaning. The SS vector classifies compresses, organizes and focuses the infinite and chaotic space of empirical indices and their meanings. The dignity of each of them is formed in the context and content of their own logic and paradigm of thinking.

The main advantage of the TS is its connection with reality, with the historical context and all of its features, details, pros and cons in various parts of the infinite social world of humanity. TS is formed and lives in the empirical logic of knowledge and in the paradigm of partial thinking. The main advantage of the SS is the penetration into the eternal fundamental and deepest laws/structures of humanity, ensuring its life, survival, and stability in its entire history from beginning to end. SS is formed and lives in the theoretical logic of knowledge and in the paradigm of holistic thinking.

Only at the SS level, its holistic logic and paradigm of thinking, the deep societal structural harmony / nonviolence of humanity as a whole becomes available, regulating all the stochastic, thermodynamic historical processes of all its local and national parts. Disharmony, war and militarism (Maguire, 2014, 2018) find the ground and an adequate language o­nly in the TS, in the empirical logic and paradigm of partial thinking, which are overcome by the SS, in the holistic logic and paradigm of thinking.

Only at the level of the SS, the sources and laws of non-violence, global peace, social equality, fraternity, justice, unity, prosperity, liberation from all social pathologies, prosperity and happiness of all nations become clear. Peace, non-violence and the harmony of humanity are achieved o­nly in the logic and science of the whole, but through the logic of the parts subordinate to the first. Therefore, the SS becomes the decisive intellectual/scientific tool to achieve and ensure them, to overcome the civilization crisis (Avery, 2017), in what its unique meaning and fundamental importance for the future consists.

          Traditional statistics (TS) as a science has been developing since 1746, having covered a great evolutionary path of empirical development in each of the countries for almost four centuries. The three main attributes define the essence of this statistics: its national, branch/partial and empirical/inductive character. With its undoubted need, public utility and virtues, it has a number of fundamental flaws that call it into question in the well-known popular expression: "There are three types of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics." The TS is undemocratic, because by virtue of Augean stables of its indices and entanglement, it is inaccessible to the people, even experts have a poor and very different understanding it.

          The TS, by virtue of its attributes, is in many ways arbitrary, subjective, and amenable to all sorts of unfair manipulations, which gives rise to reasonable doubts about its objectivity and reliability. For this reason, it excludes a full-fledged comparison of statistical data from different countries and o­ne country in different periods due to constant changes in its key element classifiers and their statistical indices devoid fundamental bases. But it began to realize, pose and partially solve this problem since 1853, (the first international statistical congress in Brussels), leaving it fundamentally intractable in its empirical methodology and retaining its insurmountable fragmentation between its branch segments: labor statistics, population statistics, agricultural statistics, health statistics, etc. This fragmentation of the TS is institutionalized at the global level by relevant international organizations and UN departments. Here lies the central problem and the source of all the TS weaknesses/defects, with which it fights at regional levels, but without much success and progress. Since there is no better statistics, they use it, trying to somehow limit, compensate and damp its defects. TS is o­ne logic, paradigm, statistical language and humanitarian science from part to whole, which is complemented and developed by another logic, paradigm, statistical language and a new humanitarian science from whole to parts, integrated by TT.

          Another level of statistics and a type of statistical language of its specific spheral indices are spheral statistics (SS), which grows out of fundamentally different reasons: from logical/theoretical prerequisites of knowledge of social production spheres as associations of its branches and their spheral elements/components/clusters: resources, processes and spherons. This allows the SS to acquire a global/universal character and find a single, comparable application in a social system of any order and level from family to humanity as a whole. SS cannot and does not seek to replace/supplant traditional statistics, which is its feeding empirical soil and source. The SS can o­nly rely o­n it, contribute to its development and strengthening, and raise it to the level of fundamental science, retaining all of its necessary national characteristics. In contrast to the TS, the new SS is democratic, as it is simple in its logic and transparency, so it is available to the people. In the general methodological sense, the SS serves as a metalanguage and metalinguistics in relation to the object language of linguistics of the TS.

           More details about the emergence of SS more than 40 years ago, its first steps, as well as the shortcomings of the TS and the relationship of composition and decomposition of indices of two statistics are discussed in the book of 1992 and later [Semashko, 1992; 1999; 2002]. The above briefly presents the fundamental logical foundations of the SS in the form of its axioms and base fractal matrix, and below its more detailed description.

Spheral statistics is the statistics of PIOT spheral resources, through which the statistics of PDEC spheral processes, SIOT production spheres and SIOT spherons employed in them is expressed. Spherons (P) statistics is the center of spheral statistics, determining peripheral/infrastructural spheral statistics. Spheral statistics are based o­n a system of special PIOT spheral indices that summarize, streamline and complement the system of indices of traditional statistics, which is still nationally torn and fragmented.

           The foundation of spheral statistics is a basic matrix of spheral indices PIOT, which is capable of almost infinite scanning in the system of detailing fractal matrices. This matrix system is built o­n alphanumeric indices of the PIOT resource elements, called spheral indices.

The units of measurement of spheral indices can be generalized natural units or their units of cost, time, and energy. Spheral statistics of spherons (people) is limited to natural units of population, for example: millions of people.

It was established above that any society, including the global society, in statics is expressed by the sum of all its PIOT resources:

SOCIETY = P + I + O + T

For the production of each of the PIOT resources, an appropriate complex of their parts is necessary. Therefore, each PIOT is divided into four parts, necessary and sufficient as resources for the production of new PIOT. This pattern is expressed by a 4x4 base matrix of indices (above).

In it are:

 

P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4, where P is the population, and P1, P2, P3, P4 are its spheral classes - spherons, necessary and sufficient for the production of the corresponding resources PIOT;

 

I = I1 + I2 + I3 + I4, where I is information, and I1, I2, I3, I4 are its complexes necessary and sufficient for the production of the corresponding PIOT resources;

 

O = O1 + O2 + O3 + O4, where O is organizations, and O1, O2, O3, O4 are their complexes necessary and sufficient for the production of the corresponding PIOT resources;

 

T = T1 + T2 + T3 + T4, where T is things, material goods and services, and T1, T2, T3, T4 are their complexes necessary and sufficient for production of the corresponding PIOT resources;

 

In its pure form, the base matrix of PIOT spheral resources and their indices of 4x4 dimension is:

L1 + L2 + L3 + L4

I1 + I2 + I3 + I4

O1 + O2 + O3 + O4

B1 + B2 + B3 + B4

 

All matrices of indices derived from base matrix are called spheral matrices, which form spheral statistics, fundamentally different from traditional (branch or industrial) statistics, but associated with it. All its indices are integrated into spheral indices, are classified by it in the spheral logic and are ordered in the sociocybernetic system of the structural social genome.

The strings of a spheral matrix express the outputs of the corresponding PIOT production spheres as their products, and their columns express the inputs of the corresponding production spheres that use PIOT as resources.

The dual nature of the spheral resource (and spheral index) as the output/product of the spheres and how their input/resource is expressed in binary, alpha/digital designation of these resources and related indices.

The entire infinite series of spheral matrices is built o­n the primary matrix base according to o­ne algorithm: each string/row of any matrix turns into a column of the underlying matrix, and each index of the row appears in the underlying matrix as the sum of four indices expressing the complex of resources necessary and sufficient for its production.

This generating algorithm expresses the principle of "all in all." He makes the spheral matrices, their strings and columns, similar and nested in each other fractals, which are described by the fractal mathematics of Benoit Mandelbrot. He introduced the mathematical concept of fractals: "A fractal is a structure consisting of parts that are in some sense similar to the whole" (Mandelbrot, 1982). The knowledge of the Fractal nature of society begins from the spheral matrices of statistical indices if paraphrase Mandelbrot. This is a necessary attribute of TM as a substantially new manner of thinking (Einstein).

The system of spheral/fractal matrices creates a single logical network statistical space of humankind, the global statistical digital language of spheral indices in spheral matrices, which is able to integrate, compose and decompose across PIOT indices of different level matrices all the variety of national statistics, overcoming their inherent fragmentation, discontinuity and disharmony. Similar unified statistical system of indices ensures effective harmonious management of spherons nonviolence at all their levels and in all social units, overcoming any disharmonious possibility of violence/conflict, preventing it at the root.

Again, within the framework of a single spheral statistics, its center is the statistics of spherons, which constitute the sociogenetic source of the greatest force of non-violence according to Gandhi. This is the TT theoretical conclusion, which is confirmed by the real statistics of dozens of countries below.

 

1.4.2. Spheral indices of spherons as genetic societal sources of non-violence.

 

Spherons in general and the individuals who make them differ by the criterion of basic (in time) employment in o­ne of the four spheres of society. (The employment of spherons is discussed in more detail in paragraph 1.6. of the GPS first chapter (Semashko&C, 2016). Employment of people is their universal life characteristic from birth to death. All other properties of people by which they differ labor, property, power, education, and the like are its particular manifestations and/or products. All the lifetime of people is production employment of those or other resources of society, including and above all themselves. In the framework of the multidimensional topology of people's life employment, its two principal clusters are distinguished:

          1. Self-production or autopoiesis is the employment of each person by himself (I) from birth to death in such processes as nutrition, sleep, sex, hygiene, training, communication, rest, sport, healing, recreation, relaxation, etc. The term self-production (autopoiesis) was first introduced by Umberto Maturana and Francisco Varela (1973) for theoretical biology to describe the self-reproduction of living cells. In 1990, it was rethought in the sociology of Niklas Luhmann to characterize human communication as the main element of the social system. Self-production belongs o­nly to the sociosphere, includes all types of human activity except economic/labor activity, which is allocated in a separate cluster of employment, associated with all other resources except its own "I". This other employment of a person can be called heteropoiesis, i.e. "production of other resources than I".

2. Labor or economic employment of people by other resources, except for I, i.e. heteropoiesis. As a rule, it is formally established by the norms of labor activity of the society. Labor activity is a part of self-production as a work experience or as a length of work of a person, which are part of a persons life.

These two employment clusters divide the entire population into two parts:

1. A non-working (economically inactive) population, but engaged in self-production, autopoiesis in the sociosphere, which is denoted by the spheral indicator Pn (non-working population/people).

2. The working or economically active population employed in all spheres, which is exhausted by four spherons, i.e. is divided between them and is indicated by the spheral index Pw (working population/people). This indicator summarizes the number of the total working / economically active population and is expressed by the formula:

Pw = P - Pn, where P - is the total population of the country for any year and Pn is nonworking population. From Pw group, the part of the active population that works in the sociosphere denotes by index P1w. Then the number of Sociospheron will be equal: P1 = Pn + P1w. The number of four SPHERONS is the total population. This is expressed by the simple formula: P = P1 (Pn + P1w) + P2 + P3 + P4, where the digit denotes the spheron number (#). This is the fundamental formula of the population/people of any community from family, city, country to humanity as a whole in the spheral indices of spherons.

The special methodological complexity is the understanding of the number of P1 (Pn + P1w) - Sociospheron, which covers the number of all non-working people engaged in the autopoiesis and the number of employees in the social sphere: teachers, doctors, social workers, etc. Why are non-performing (Pn) not allocated to a special spheron? Why are they united into o­ne spheron - into a sociospheron (P1) together with P1w (teachers, doctors, etc.)? Because both these groups have o­ne subject and the product of their employment - a person, but o­n a different scale: o­ne (I, myself) or many - students, patients, etc. Repeat, all spherons differ by a single criterion: according to the subject/product of their employment, regardless of its scale.

Spheral indices, which are used to express spherons and their dynamic trends in time are defined as follows in the table:

 

Table 1. Spherons Spheral Indices. Classifier

P

Population/people in total at any level and any community from family, school and city to the country and the world as a whole. P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4or P = Pn + Pw

P1

Spheron-1, people who are employed (nonworking + working) in the branches of sociosphere (first sphere); P1 = Pn + P1w

Pn

Non-working population, who are employed in self-production (autopoiesis)of sociosphere and forming the Spheron-1first part; Pn = P - Pw

Pw

Working population (heteropoiesis)in all spheres and their branches:

Pw = P1w + P2 + P3 + P4 or Pw = P - Pn

P1w

Working population in the branches of Sociosphere and who constitute the Spheron-1 second part. P1w = P1 - Pn

P2        

SpSpheron-2, people who are working in branches of Infosphere (second sphere);

P3

Spheron-3, people who are working in branches of Orgsphere (third sphere);

P4

Spheron-4, people who are working in branches of Technosphere (economic, fourth sphere).

 

In total, the table contains 8 spheral indices, of which 5 are basic (in red), and 3 are intermediate, calculated (in green). Key intermediate indices of the working and non-working population in different societies balance in spontaneous (swarm) equilibrium in the range up to 10%, as a rule, towards the non-working, but there may be exceptions shown in the spherons statistics of different countries below.

The principal advantage of spheral indices is that they provide global digitization of all national statistical indices, constitute their common denominator, logically organize/systematize/integrate them and open the way for the digital economy, the digital global peace through digital/conscious prevention of all wars and non-violent resolution of all conflicts. Spheral indices aggregate and disaggregate the indices of traditional statistics using a special technology (SIST or GLOBSTAT), which we dont touch o­n here, because it has been studied in detail in other works [Semashko, 2018; 5; 6; 6a-d].

The fundamental importance of spherons statistics is that it expresses their quantitative measure and dynamics as genetic sources/bases of non-violence by their nature: spherons objectively (spontaneously and stochastically) are aimed at mutual survival, precluding their mutual destruction. Wars/violence of their transient parts (partons) occur o­nly in their conscious enmity by private attributes of power, property, greed, superiority and similar subjective passions and nothing else without any fundamental reason. The measure of spherons by private attributes can vary in a wide range of their statistical equilibrium and structural harmony. Going beyond this range creates various social disharmonies, failures, crises, pathologies, local conflicts and wars.

The law of the spherons existence excludes violence/war between them as a whole, because it leads to total destruction of o­ne of them that will deprive the society/humanity of o­ne of the necessary resources, without which his life is impossible and it dies. Therefore, spherons are actors, causes and sources of non-violence, which, in turn, is the o­nly way for spherons to exist. Non-violence is the substance of spherons and vice versa, therefore the law of non-violence is the law of spherons and vice versa. History does not know and can not know a single example of the war of spherons and the destruction of o­ne of them, because it will be the first and the last in the evolution of humankind. It is confirmed by the statistics of spherons, no matter how small the number of o­ne or another spheron o­n this or that historical stage in a particular region. Even during the most widespread world and civil wars, no more than 10-20% of the population participate in them and never 50%, and even more so 100%.

Spherons are communicating structural demographical vessels of swarm nature: the reduction in the number of o­ne leads to an increase in the number of others and vice versa. For example, robotization of the technosphere, reducing the number of its spheron, provides an increase in the number of intangible (non-material) spherons. This is the general employment trend of the future, as reflected by spheral statistics. Therefore, the statistics of spherons in the framework of the dynamics of their structural harmony is the statistics of genetic survival and sustainable development of society/humanity as a whole. No other branch or national statistics have such a fundamental advantage.

Humanitys lack of such statistics of survival/sustainability as non-violence statistics indicates its infancy, in which its knowledge is still unavailable and in which the necessary sciences and tools are still lacking, including a sufficiently developed sociology and sociocybernetics that would be able to fill this gnoseological gap and to ensure the priority development of socio-humanitarian knowledge. But o­n this peripheral evolutionary epistemological path, two cornerstones appeared: Gandhi's non-violence embodied in historical practice of achieving Indian independence and the science of global peace/nonviolence, based o­n spheral statistics, allowing to calculate/digitize the greatest force of non-violence of humanity to manage this force for good of humanity survival, sustainability and prosperity. This is its non-violent future, armed with a substantially new manner of thinking in TT, which requires and ensures a non-violent intellectual hacking present, i.e. traditional violent and militaristic thinking, bringing us closer to the full ecocide/genocide (Pawlik, 2019, 60).

 

1.4.3. Spherons. Typical pattern of statistical research

 

A typical pattern of statistical research of spherons for a certain social object (humanity, region, country, district, city, enterprise, school, university, etc.) for any given year is presented by the following table of spheral indices, the numerical values ​​of which are determined by summing by the traditional statistical indices grouped under each spheral indicator.

 

Statistics of the Population Spherons (object, year)

By author(s)*:

 

Table 2. SPHERONS of (object, year) number** in (million) people. Typical template/pattern.

The main spheral indices are highlighted in red and intermediate o­nes are highlighted in green.

 

Spheral Indices

Population, the employed in four spheres of social production;

Year

%

P

All Population: P = P1[Pn+P1w]+P2+P3+P4

 

100%

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

 

 

Pw

Economically active population, working in four spheres.

Pw = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 

 

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

 

 

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the branches of Sociosphere:

 

 

 

HEALTH

 

 

 

EDUCATION

 

 

 

SOCIAL SERVICE and similar

 

 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the branches of Infosphere:

 

 

 

COMMUNICATION

 

 

 

SCIENCE AND SCIENTIFIC SERVICE; Designing

 

 

 

CULTURE, ART

 

 

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the branches of Orgsphere:

 

 

 

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, DEFENCE and SECURITY

 

 

 

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION

 

 

 

Others: public organizations, etc.

 

 

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the branches of Technosphere:

 

 

 

AGRICULTURE, HUNTING AND FORESTRY

 

 

 

FISHING

 

 

 

MINING AND QUARRYING

 

 

 

MANUFACTURING

 

 

 

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND WATER SUPPLY

 

 

 

CONSTRUCTION

 

 

 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR

 

 

 

HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS

 

 

 

TRANSPORT AND STORAGE

 

 

 

REAL ESTATE, RENTING AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Others: nature conservation, folk crafts, etc.

 

 

 

Statistical error

 

 

Brief author comments if possible (desirable but not required)

* Author (s) brief identification and photo

** At least 1-2 statistical sources, if possible from the Internet

 

Spherons structural chart

 


In total, Table-2 contains 28 indicators, of which 8 are spheral, summing up 20 traditional indices (if necessary, their number can be increased). Their statistical error is allowed up to 5%, but it can be neglected. Of the 8 spheral indices, 5 are the main o­nes, and three (Pn, P1w, Pw) are auxiliary, calculated for the transition from traditional indices of national statistics to spheral indices of spherons. Other explanatory and detailed notes together with the simplest two-step algorithm for filling this table, accessible to any schoolchild who is proficient in arithmetic, (Semashko, 2018a)

          Of all the features of this system of indices, we emphasize o­nly o­ne of its properties, which is of fundamental importance for calculating the number of spherons. Each subsequent matrix level of spheral indices précises the previous o­ne. This process is endless, as the system of these indices is endless. Therefore, the calculations of the number of spherons at the first, basic level are rough, which are subsequently refined at subsequent, deeper levels of their integrity. In particular, at this level, groups of specialists of different qualification level within the spherons are not taken into account and do not differentiate that slightly distorts their numbers, but this error is removed at the level of a subsequent matrix of 4x16 indices, etc. This group is insignificant in number; therefore, the error in its number does not exceed the permissible norm of statistical error.

           We emphasize again, the statistics of spherons is o­nly the fourth, but the most important and difficult part of the spheral statistics with which it begins. Its other parts relating to other resources should be formed in the corresponding statistical studies, which are beyond the scope of our study of spherons. Therefore, we do not touch them here - this is the subject of future research.

 

1.4.4. Sources of statistics o­n working and non-working population

 

Spheron's spheral indices are calculated according to the national statistical censuses of the population in average annual rates, which are published o­n the network, but it is best/easiest to use the annual population tables by economic activities in terms of national statistics. Spherons indices cover the entire population of any country and its regions by 100% in its two eternal and approximately equal parts of the working (economically active) and non-working (occupied by autopoiesis) population.

All values ​​of spheral indices at this, the first, and initial stage of their calculation are very approximate and rough. But they are sufficient to get the first, approximate picture of the number of spherons in the population of any country and any of its units from a bird's eye view. At the subsequent stages of the calculation of the infinite spiral of fractal matrices of spheral indices, their values ​​are sequentially refined under a spheral microscope. Therefore, in the first stage, no strict accuracy requirements are imposed o­n their values, which are implemented in the subsequent design steps. If the initial statistical base of traditional statistics is full of errors that make up the TS Augean stables for almost four centuries, then we cannot demand absolute accuracy from the spheral statistics derived from it.

The Augean stables of traditional statistics are generated by the uncertainty, variability and incompatibility of their classifiers/standards/registries in different countries and regions, as well as in different periods and years of o­ne country and o­ne region. In the Spherons typical table used the classifier of economic activity of the EU in 2007 (?), which is adapted in some other countries. The names of such indices vary in national statistics. In the tables of the spherons of each country it is necessary to use the names of the indices of national statistics so that they can be found in the national databases.

An analysis of the sources of statistical data o­n employment, working and non-working population in their three types: national population censuses, statistics o­n the types of economic activity of the working population and data o­n the number of staff of organizations by activity and by category of personnel, as well as the initial methodology of sphere statistics is investigated in detail in Chapter 2 of GPS, with numerous statistical examples (Semashko&C, 2016).

 

1.4.5. Tetranet methodology. Organizational conclusion

 

The methodology of tetranet thinking (TT) has evolved over 50 years, including its most intense 14 year period in the GHA, in its 8 books and 68 peacemaking projects. The GHA has long been convinced of the acute social necessity of tetranet thinking as a substantially new manner of thinking (Einstein), capable of overcoming the biosphere ecocide and the nuclear genocide of humanity prepared by the West, providing a non-violent solution to the key problems of our time: global peace, complete and universal disarmament in 50 years with nuclear disarmament in 10 years, climate and environmental issues, renewal of democracy, gender equality, children's priority, international relations, primarily the USA and Russia, global governance at the UN level, interfaith harmony and others, to which are dedicated the GHA respective projects and books. Therefore, we intend, o­nce again, to offer the UN and UNESCO, as well as the most peace-loving states: India, China, Russia, Malaysia and the like to create at the international or national level the World Academy of Social-Humanitarian Sciences (WASS) to develop the interdisciplinary science of non-violence and global peace based o­n the sociocybernetic methodology of tetranet thinking (TT), which has enough theoretical and empirical evidence.

This methodology still has no equal, but it is able to integrate all similar peacemaking and non-violent achievements from other approaches and approximations, raising traditional, partial thinking to a level of integrity and overcoming its flaws and weaknesses in solving global problems that are o­nly exacerbated in it. The TT methodology for the first time opens up the possibility for social and humanitarian knowledge and sciences to emerge from more than a century of stagnation, depression, crisis, and backwardness from natural, technical, and military sciences, which, unfortunately, brought humanity to eco- and genocide by militaristic efforts and priorities of the West. Peace and nonviolence have never been the civilizational values and priorities of the West, with rare national exceptions of peacefulness. Therefore, its whole story is filled with wars and violence, which gave Gandhi grounds to qualify it as satanic and predict, it will destroy itself (CWMG). Therefore, the crisis of the humanities is natural for the West.

The trend of stagnation and the lag of the humanities from the natural, technical and military sciences, which created the gulf between two cultures, was noticed more than 60 years ago by Charles Snow, who called to destroy this gulf by the new scientific revolution, as long as this gulf exists, society is not able to think sensibly ", i.e. non-violently (Snow, 1985). Since then, unfortunately, due to the depression of the social sciences, this gap has o­nly deepened to this day. It is overcome by the TM scientific revolution of the humanities with their fundamental discovery of spherons as the "non-violence law" of Gandhi. o­nly discovery of spherons makes TT the substantially new [nonviolent] manner of thinking of the humanities. Moreover, knowledge of spherons provides these sciences with the priority and advantage of integrity/wholeness over natural science, which can never master the integrity of the Universe and thinking from the whole to parts, due to the Universe infinity in space/time and the inaccessibility of its integrity to human limited by minimal space/time. Holistic scientific images of the Universe will always remain transient hypotheses that continuously replace each other in the history of natural science. Holistic knowledge is available to a human o­nly within the framework of his social life, limited by the minimum physical space/time.

A human is capable of mastering the integrity of his limited social being in his humanities through the knowledge of spherons and through his substantial new thinking from the integrity of spherons to the knowledge of their historically transient parts and forms. "To destroy the gulf" between sciences and the humanities (between "two cultures") is possible o­nly through their intermediary - biology, the object of which are biological life forms, which are limited, like people/society, to Earth space/time but based o­n infinite in space/time laws of physics and chemistry. Other forms of biological and social life, besides earthly, are unknown to science. U. Maturana (1963) discovers their commonality in the genetic structures of autopoiesis, which are socially embodied in the structural harmony of nonviolent spherons. Epistemologically, they become available o­nly to TT in its methodological movement from the social integrity of spherons to the knowledge of all its parts in the entire infinite multitude of their transitory historical and cultural forms.

The advantage and priority of the integrity of the humanities in TT not o­nly bridges the gap between two cultures, but also establishes a bridge between them, imposing social and ethical restrictions o­n the use of natural energies, primarily nuclear, for violent influences o­n the socio-and bio-spheres of the Earth. The discovery of spherons and the conscious use of their fundamental "nonviolence law" of Gandhi returns the sociosphere/noosphere of the Earth to the course of natural nonviolent being through the priority of "substantively new manner of thinking" - tetranet thinking (TT).

A substantially new manner of thinking is required not o­nly by exacerbated global problems, solutions of which have not been visible for almost a century, but also by the intensive development of the Internet and digital technologies, which TT provides an adequate response. Its intensive and wide-scale development in all branches of social knowledge requires an WASS, free from the pressure of both traditional scientific institutions and the oppressive tutelage of general scientific Academies, in which social and humanitarian disciplines are marginalized and left in the back of financial and scientific stagnation.

The creation of WASS will be a breakthrough of socio-humanitarian thinking and science from age-old stagnation and crisis. If it is established at the national level, it will provide any country with a world leadership in this field of knowledge, which will undoubtedly become the priority and most effective in the 21st century. TT gives a second life to Gandhi's non-violence, revealing its social origins and is capable of mastering and using this "greatest force of humanity", providing both TT and the socio-humanities with a natural title of "Gandhian Sciences and Thinking."

The past experience of our appeal to governments and international organizations convinced us of the lack of political will for peace and non-violence among their leaders, because they demonstrate o­nly the will to confrontation, war and armament, whipping up their race and military budgets. However, despite this, we are convinced that this trend cannot be infinite and it will soon exhaust itself and break down in its internal disharmony and lifelessness. Then the need for a substantially new manner of thinking and its international development in the relevant WASS will become obvious. Therefore, our efforts will not be useless and vain in any case and in all aspects: scientific, humanitarian, social, peacemaking and political. Our innovative scientific searches and peace books and projects live with this hope and faith.

 

1.5. Summary. Two thinking: two destinies and two humanity futures.

"Hack" o­ne, not to "die" and survive.

 

Our time is the decisive choice of destiny and future for humanity. His entire previous history led to the very brink of nuclear self-destruction, which would inevitably become a global ecocide and genocide, combined in a single planetary noospheral collapse. Its reason is realized by the greatest minds of the geniuses in the middle of the last century: Gandhi, Einstein, Snow, Kennedy. Mahatma Gandhi defined the dominant Western civilization as satanic, violent, which will destroy itself and saw the way out it in the law of non-violence as the greatest force of humanity. Albert Einstein emphasized the inability of traditional violent and partial thinking to solve the global problems created by it and ensure the survival of humanity, therefore, as he wrote, if humanity wants to survive, we shall require substantially new [nonviolent] manner of thinking as its salvatory alternative and addition. Charles Snow saw the mortal threat of humankind in the gulf between two cultures, between two methods of thinking: industrial, technocratic, partial and humanitarian, humanistic, holistic. John Kennedy summed up the tragic situation of humankind as an inevitable choice for it: "Mankind must put an end to war or war puts an end to mankind."

          What has changed in this tragic existential situation of humanity for 80-60 years? Virtually nothing, o­nly it became even more tragic. The real priority of humanity in the ecocide/genocide has not changed. Humanity as moved to its death in the nuclear shameful self-destruction since Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as and continues to stubbornly move towards it under the zombie melodies of the false global consciousness of well-being implanted by all mainstream media. The most recent fact of the priority movement to ecocide/genocide today is the decision of the United States to invest more than a trillion dollars in modernizing nuclear weapons until 2035, which spurs its race for the near future. This is what Joseph Cirincione, president of Ploughshares Fund, author of Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late (2015), says: We thought the arms race was over. Its not over. We are in a new arms race. Every single nuclear-armed country is building new nuclear weapons and heading towards a confrontation point. Youve got to be a real optimist to think that you can keep thousands of nuclear weapons in fallible human hands indefinitely and something terrible is not going to happen.

          Therefore, today we are all in that tragic situation in which nothing remains but to hack or die (Pawlik, 2019). Maybe more precisely: "hack" to "not die." It is good that the West is beginning to understand this saving priority. Hacking does not mean forcibly destroying, as the author emphasizes, who rejects any violent revolution. Hack means finding a substantial new [non-violent] manner of thinking (Einstein), overcoming the deadly traditional industrial and technocratic way of thinking from part to whole, which is not o­nly an alternative to it, but also complements it, retaining all its achievements and constructive creative opportunities. We proposed above similar, substantially new thinking - nonviolent, humanitarian, humanistic and holistic thinking from the integral genetic structure of spherons to their spatial-temporal functional historical parts, which cannot have any other priority than the life/survival of humanity. Therefore, it rejects and overcomes the priority of the ecocide/genocide of traditional technocratic thinking from part to whole, but retains and integrates in itself all its partial achievements and abilities that can be used for the common good of humanity.

Hack or [not to] die is a formula for a substantially new manner of thinking, a formula for acquiring nonviolent Gandhian thinking, a formula for bridging the gulf of two cultures and a formula for put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind. This integral multipurpose formula is embodied structurally and design in the pluralistic, holistic and harmonious tetranet thinking within the framework of the universal life law of nonviolence of Gandhi. The creative evolution of the sociocybernetic tetranet thinking is the best way to hack to not die in the Procrustes vises of o­ne-dimensional and violent traditional thinking. This is the best, the o­nly ethical and humanistic version of the future with the survival and prosperity of humanity, with its liberation from militarism and wars and ensuring humanity and human of the first, fundamental right to life, peace, harmony and non-violence. o­nly o­n its platform do all other human rights acquire true meaning and lose their traditional hypocrisy, which without it remain a fiction in a violent militarist world order. The formula hack so not to die showed the path of the revival of Gandhi's non-violence in his second life for all humanity through the sociocybernetic tetranet thinking, with which everyone is good as the common good.


SECTION 2. Spherons of Nonviolence: Their Genetics and Statistics


Introduction

Selection, composition and problems of spherons statistical researches.

Leo Semashko

 

For more than 40 years of development of spheral statistics, including statistics of spherons as its main part, and especially intensively within the GHA during last 14 years, thousands of pages of relevant statistical researches have accumulated in dozens of projects (Semashko, 1992, 2016) published in books and articles by paper and electronic. Of course, it is impossible and inappropriate to reproduce them in this book, dedicated to Gandhi's non-violence, and not statistics. Therefore, it was decided to strictly select statistical researches of spherons in the last, most intensive period of 2012-2019. in the GHA and to reduce / compose each of them to a o­ne-page universal table of eight spheral indices with indication of their authors, object, time, statistical sources and place of the full research publication. All of them, many of them occupying dozens of pages, of which most of them were dedicated to the methodology and methods of spheral statistics, were reduced to o­ne page.

The generalized statistical methodology is briefly presented in the first part of the book that makes it unnecessary to repeat it in every statistical research. Therefore, the compressed format of their publication below allows the reader to focus o­n the final statistical values ​​of the five basic universal and fundamental for all countries and the levels spheral indices of spherons for their verification, analysis, comparisons by countries and periods, etc. This ensures their final assessment and recognition of their unique innovative scientific significance.

Without rejecting traditional statistics and not interfering with its established process, Spheron's statistics contribute to its logical coherence, integrity and congruence, opening up to it fundamentally new opportunities for both theoretical and technological development in fundamentally new integral and global digital statistical technologies. These technologies provide a qualitative increase in its effectiveness as a powerful tool of economics, management and forecasting, which can ultimately determine, regulate and prevent social and economic disharmonies as sources of violence, wars and conflicts.

In this mission, spheral statistics becomes a powerful scientific tool for cognition and cybernetic harmonious regulation of the "greatest force of non-violence" of spherons, which was intuitively felt, predicted and used by the genius of Mahatma Gandhi. The statistics of spherons makes available the understanding and conscious use of this "greatest force of non-violence" for all peoples and governments in order to solve peacefully and prevent conflicts of different groups and different nature.

Of course, the results of statistical studies of spherons presented below, conducted o­n a purely volunteer basis by individual enthusiasts and non-profit organizations, constitute o­nly the very beginning of the development of new statistical science and technology. But, as the proverb says, Every beginning is difficult, which will undoubtedly find support and continuation in institutional forms along with the corresponding budget and corporate financing.

It is also natural to have special difficulties and problems, as in any new science, in the spheral statistics of spherons.
          First, this is the problem of the accuracy of spheral indices, the error of which is within the limits of the permissible error of traditional statistics and does not go beyond its boundaries.
          Secondly, this is a problem of classifiers in the different countries, regions and periods with different names of indices and different units of population size, which have to be entered into spheral classifiers.
          Thirdly, it is a transition from o­ne, traditional statistics to another, spheral and vice versa.
          Fourthly, it is a problem of different methods of different countries and different levels of statistical research. They can be judged, for example, by the extensive methodology of similar studies of spherons of four countries: Russia, India, USA and Kazakhstan in 1950-2010 (Semashko&C., 2014a); o­n the methodology of statistical studies of spherons of educational institutions (Semashko&C., 2014b), etc. There are many other problems, including subjective and psychological o­nes, which cannot be listed.

The briefest results of spheron statistical studies published below are o­nly the tip of their iceberg, which is placed in dozens of books, articles, programs and projects published since 1992. We list o­nly the most important of the books: The Spheral Approach (1992), Sociology for Pragmatists (1999) , Tetrasociology: The Revolution of Social Thinking (2000), Tetrasociology: Responses to Challenges (2002), Harmonious Civilization (2009), The ABC of Harmony (2012), Global Peace Science (2015/6) and others. The most complete list of 188 projects with elements of spheral statistics since 1976 to 2008 is presented in the book: Harmonious Civilization (2009) and in the list of 68 subsequent o­nes to 2019 published o­n the GHA website (Semashko, 2011). In some cases, due to space constraints, we have abstracted from some valuable sections of the original statistical studies: gender, employment, age, percentage, etc. But they are all saved in the full publications of these studies o­n the GHA website.

In view of the innovative and especially complex methodological, methodical and psychological nature of the statistical researches of spherons, each of their participants, regardless of the quality of the results, deserves the highest praise and moral recognition for it. In total, the results of statistical studies of spherons of 76 countries are presented below, o­n four levels (1. country, 2. region, state, province, 3. district, city and 4. unit: enterprise, school, etc.) and for 120 years. In total, they are 120 researches in o­nly 7 recent years, which were performed by 26 authors from 10 countries. We are happy to call their heroic names: Ayo Ayoola-Amale, Alexander Semashko, Ammar Banni, Andrei Semashko, Vera Popovich, Victor Danilov, Zia-ul-Islam, Leo Semashko, Leela Pradhan, Mazhar Hashmi, Maria Ascona, Maitreyee Roy, Noor Larik , Olga Kashina, Polina Semashko, Pravat Dhal, Rashida Bukhari, Roksana Sadykova, Svetlana Kuskovskaya, Stephan Semashko, Stephen Amoah, Stephen Tabi, Subhash Chandra, Takis Ioannidis, Thea Marie Robert, Habyarimana Heli. Their 10 countries are: Algeria, Argentina, Ghana, Greece, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Rwanda, France. Their names are presented below in the published results of their statistical studies, and their portraits are posted o­n the covers of this book, along with other authors and contributors. GHA highly appreciates their contributions and expresses them heartfelt gratitude and appreciation.

In this book, dedicated to Gandhi's non-violence, the published statistics of spherons confirms their role as the fundamental cause of the Gandhi "non-violence law of life" as "the greatest force of mankind", excluding war and militarism and ensuring the survival and prosperity of all peoples in their global peace from their spheronsconscious harmony.

 

2.1. Spherons of Different Countries: Statistical Tables

 

Ghana

Spherons Statistics for 1984, 2000 and 2010, million people*

By

Stephen Amoah and Ayo Ayoola-Amale

 

Spheral indices

The Employed in Branches of Four Spheres

1984

2000

2010

P

Population of Ghana:

P = P1+P2+P3+P4

12,3

18,9

 

24,7

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

9,7

13,6

 

15,4

P1w

P1w = sum of working in the branches of Sociosphere:

2,4

2,3

 

1,0

Pn

Pn = non-working population.

Pn = P Pw

 

7,2

11,2

14,4

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

5,0

7,7

10,2

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of working in the branches of Infosphere:

0,8

2,2

0,1

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of working in the branches of Orgsphere:

0,1

0,2

0,2

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the branches of Technosphere:

1,7

3,0

8,9


*The article full (13p.) publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

1.Ghana Statistical Service. GSS (1986). 1984, Population Census of Ghana (The gazette 2)

2.Ghana Statistical Service.GSS (2004). 2000 Population Census of Ghana (The gazette 3)

3.Ghana Statistical Service. GSS (2012). 2010 Population and Housing Census Summary Report of final Results. http://www.statsghana.gov.gh

 

Stephen Amoah, MSc Statistics, PhD Applied Statistics

Ghana Statistical Service, Chief Statistician,

Accra, Ghana

Web:http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837

 

Ayo Ayoola-Amale, J.D., Ghana University Professor,

Nigeria & Ghana, Accra

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=524

 

Tanzania

Spherons Statistics for 2012, millions people*

By

Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale and Stephen Tabi

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2012

%

P

Tanzania population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

24.59

100%

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

9.49

38.6

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0.74

3.0

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

8.75

35.6

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 15,85

 64,4

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.23

0.9

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0.35

1.4

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

14.53

59.1

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

1. Tanzania - Population and Housing Census 2012:

https://africaopendata.org/dataset/a476b234-dc4a-4d86-8fda-bf5c6bdb1007/resource/f4ec0f20-98b3-4ccd-ab37-9633e8517b22/download/2012-population-and-housing-census---descriptive-tables---zanzibar.pdf

2. Tanzania - Population and Housing Census 2012. Population Distribution by Administrative Areas, 2013:

http://www.tzdpg.or.tz/fileadmin/documents/dpg_internal/dpg_working_groups_clusters/cluster_2/water/WSDP/Background_information/2012_Census_General_Report.pdf

 

Stephen Amoah, MSc Statistics, PhD Applied Statistics

Ghana Statistical Service, Chief Statistician,

Accra, Ghana

Web:http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837

 

Ayo Ayoola-Amale, J.D., Ghana University Professor,

Nigeria & Ghana, Accra

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=524

 

Stephen Tabi: MSc Statistics, BSc Statistics,

Ghana Statistical Service, Statistician, M&E Unit,

Accra, Ghana

 

Sierra Leone

Spherons Statistics for 2015, millions people*

By

Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale and Stephen Tabi

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

%

P

Sierra Leone population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

7,19

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

2,33

32.8

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0.15

2.1

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

2,18

30.7

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

4,92 

69,2 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.03

0.4

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0.12

1.6

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

4,62

65.1

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

Statistics Sierra Leone. 2015 Population and housing census summary of final results

Statistics Sierra Leone 2015 Population and Housing Census - Summary of Final Results

Statistics Sierra Leone. 2014 Labour Force Survey Report - 22 September 2015

https://www.statistics.sl/index.php/census/census-2015.html

 

Stephen Amoah, MSc Statistics, PhD Applied Statistics

Ghana Statistical Service, Chief Statistician,

Accra, Ghana

Web:http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837

 

Ayo Ayoola-Amale, J.D., Ghana University Professor,

Nigeria & Ghana, Accra

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=524

 

Stephen Tabi: MSc Statistics, BSc Statistics,

Ghana Statistical Service, Statistician, M&E Unit,

Accra, Ghana

  

Mauritius

Spherons Statistics for 2011, millions people*

By

Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale and Stephen Tabi

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2011

%

P

Mauritiuspopulation: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

1.26

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

0.55

43.9

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0.15

12.3

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

0.40

31.6

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

0.86 

68.4 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.14

11.4

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0.17

13.3

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

0.40

31.5

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

2011 Housing and Population Census, Mauritius

http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/Pages/Housing-and-Population-Census-2011.aspx

http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/CensusandSurveys/Documents/ESI/toc1.htm

 

 

Stephen Amoah, MSc Statistics, PhD Applied Statistics

Ghana Statistical Service, Chief Statistician,

Accra, Ghana

Web:http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837

 

Ayo Ayoola-Amale, J.D., Ghana University Professor,

Nigeria & Ghana, Accra

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=524

 

Stephen Tabi: MSc Statistics, BSc Statistics,

Ghana Statistical Service, Statistician, M&E Unit,

Accra, Ghana

 

 

Botswana

Spherons Statistics for 2012, millions people*

By

Stephen Amoah, Ayo Ayoola-Amale and Stephen Tabi

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2012

%

P

Botswana population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

2.02

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

0.71

35.4

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0.13

6.8

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

0.57

28.6

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

1.45 

71.4 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.80

39.6

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0.11

5.6

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

0.39

19.4

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

 

 

Stephen Amoah, MSc Statistics, PhD Applied Statistics

Ghana Statistical Service, Chief Statistician,

Accra, Ghana

Web:http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=837

 

Ayo Ayoola-Amale, J.D., Ghana University Professor,

Nigeria & Ghana, Accra

Web: http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=524

 

Stephen Tabi: MSc Statistics, BSc Statistics,

Ghana Statistical Service, Statistician, M&E Unit,

Accra, Ghana

 

 

Rwanda

Spherons Statistics for 2015, millions people*

By

Habyarimana Heli

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

P

Rwanda population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

6.76

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

1.08

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0.15

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

0,9

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 5.86

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.06

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0.11

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

5.25

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source:

http://www.statistics.gov.rw/about-us/national-statistical-system

 

Habyarimana Heli

College teacher

Kigali, Rwanda

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=361

 

 

Pakistan

Spherons Statistics for 2014-15, millions people*

by

Noor Muhammad Larik

S. Mazhar Hussain Hashmi

Ms. Rashida Bukhari

Zia-ul-Islam

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2014-15

%

P

Pakistan population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

189.190

100%

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

145.091

76.69

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

13.219

6.99

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

131.872

69.70

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 57.218

 30.30

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0.267

0.14

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

1.499

0.79

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

42.333

22.38

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

Pakistan Labour Force Survey 2014-15:

http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/labour-force-survey-2014-15-annual-report

 

Dr. Noor Muhammad Larik: Director General, Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired);

Chief Statistician, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=847

 

S. Mazhar Hussain Hashmi: Deputy Director General, Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired),

Islamabad, Pakistan,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=847

 

Ms. Rashida Bukhari: Deputy Director General Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired),

Principal Training Wing, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=847

 

Zia-ul-Islam: Chief Statistical Officer (retired), Pakistan Bureau of Statistics,

System Analyst, National Institute of Population Studies,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=847

 

India

Spherons Statistics for 2011, millions people*

By

Maitreyee B. Roy and Pravat K. Dhal

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2011

%

P

India population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

1210.57

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

827.09

68.3

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

98.21

8.1

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

728.88

60.2

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

481.68

39.8

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

49.77

4.1

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

67.30

5.6

P4

Spheron-4 = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

266.41

22.0

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Commentary. The Spherons constitutes global societal structure and the actors of humanity survival including India. The Spherons Statistics is the proof of their reality, their measurement and the degree of their knowledge and its digitalization. Spherons are the source of humanity life, the foundation of all its higher and eternal values: Harmony, Peace, Solidarity, Nonviolence, Justice, Unity, Freedom, Equality, Fraternity, Love and Happiness. Spherons are the more important largest parts of the country population so their knowledge is especially important for India as the second largest country in the world by population.

 

Statistical sources:

1.Indian Labour Year Book 2011-2012. Government of India. Ministry of Labour and EmploymentLabour Bureau. Simla/Chandigarh:

http://www.labourbureaunew.gov.in/UserContent/ILYB_2015.pdf?pr_id=zfAb%2BvimybM%3DMar31,2017

2. Industrial Classification Data Information 2011. Office of the register General and Census Commissioner India

 

Prof. Maitreyee Bardhan Roy,

Ex Principal Basanti Devi College. Emeritus Professor in Political Science. Presently: Diamond Harbour Women University. ICSSR Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies,

Kolkata, India,

maitreyee25@rediffmail.com

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=481

 

Pravat Kumar Dhal, PhD

Professor and Head

Department of Education

Magadh University, Bodhgaya, India

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=890

Greece

Spherons Statistics for 2017, millions people*

By

Takis Ioannides

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2017

%

P

Greece population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

10,7

100%

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

7,2

66,91

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0,2

1,86

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

7

65,05

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 3.7

 34.95

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0,3

2,96

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0,8

7,45

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

2,4

22,67

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

Hellenic Statistical Authority Labour Force Survey 2017

http://www.statistics.gr/en/statistics/-/publication/SJO03/2017?fbclid=IwAR0J-TPBr1N1_k9Cty_gSu9r5FSGYTiorFQ9dcmcTSjiDPyUBkxbL5b3qXk

 

Dr. Takis Ioannides

Historian, writer,

Athens, Greece

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=138

 

 

France

Spherons Statistics for 2015, in millions people*

By

Théa Marie Robert

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

%

P

France population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

66,59

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

42, 6

64

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

4,05

6,1

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

38,56

57,91

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

 28,03

 42,09

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

3.74

5.54

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

4,2

6,3

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

16.2

24.39

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical source(s):

Statistics France 2015

 

Théa Marie Robert

Artist,

Chamonix Mont-Blanc, France

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=467

  

Russia
Spherons Statistics for 1991, 1996, 2002
2010, in millions people*

By

Leo Semashko and Olga Kashina

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

1991

1996

 

2002

 

2010

P

Russia population:

P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

148,5

148,0

145,3

142,9

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

81,6

89,1

93,2

85,0

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

6,8

7,1

6,7

11,4

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

70,3

79,2

79,9

75,5

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

78,2

68,8

65,4

67,4

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

8,5

7,4

14,0

4,0

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

8,5

7,4

10,4

11,0

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

54,4

46,9

34,3

41,0


*The article full publication (16 p.):
https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=783

Statistical sources:

  1. . - 2013 / . : 2013.
  2. ( ). : 2010. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/trud/Untitled452-10.pdf
  3. 2010 .
  4. 2013. : 2014.
  5. . . (2014). 2010.: , , : http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=614
  6. . (2006) / . .. .-: 2006, . 13
  7. 2010 .
  8. 1. .
  9. 2. - .
  10. 6. .
  11. 7. .

Olga Kashina, Ph.D. (statistics),

Saint-Petersburg, Russia

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=757


Leo Semashko
, PhD; Professor, RANS;

Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=286

Belarus and Russia

Spherons Statistics for 2015, in millions people*

By

Olga Kashina and Leo Semashko

 

 

 

Belarus

Russia

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

%

2015

%

P

 

Population average, total:

P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

9,5

 

100,0

146,4

 

100,0

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

6,0

62,7

90,0

61,2

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

1,0

10,1

15,5

10,6

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

5,0

52,6

74,1

50,6

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

4,58

47,4

72,7

49,4

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0,08

0,8

1,8

1,2

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0,3

2,7

7,0

4,7

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

3,2

33,7

48,1

32,9


*The article full publication (12 p.):
https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=783

 

Comment. The most numerous is spheron-1, in which 62.7% of the population of Belarus and 61.2% of the population of Russia are concentrated. Spheron-4 is in second place, respectively, 33.7% and 32.9%. There are a few population in spherons 2 and 3. The overall dynamics is a steady decline in the number of spheroon-4, due to which the number of spherons 2 and 3 is growing, as it can be seen from other tables of the number of spherons of Russia for different years. Through this (thermo) dynamics of the number of spherons, a constant self-tuning (self-organization) of the structural harmony of spherons is ensured.

 

Statistical sources:

  1. /.-.:2015
  2. /.-.:2016
  3. /.-: 2016

 

Olga Kashina, Ph.D. (statistics),

Saint-Petersburg, Russia

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=757

 

Leo Semashko, PhD; Professor, RANS;

Saint-Petersburg, Russia;

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=286

 

Russia
Spherons Statistics for 2016, in millions people*

By

Alexander Semashko and Stefan Semashko

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2016

%

P

Russia population:

P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

146,80

100%

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

82,60

56%

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

13,32

 

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

69,27

 

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

77,53

 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

2,29

2%

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

11,90

8%

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

50,01

34%

 

*The article full publication (10 p.): https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=783

 

Statistical sources:

 

1. http://www.gks.ru

2. http://www.mkrf.ru

3. http://mil.ru

4. http://kalugastat.gks.ru

5. 15 . :

http://school-15-kaluga.narod.ru

 

Alexander Semashko

Economist,

Kaluga, Russia

 

Stephan Semashko,

Pupil of the 6th grade of School No. 15,

Kaluga, Russia

 

 

Kyrgyzstan

Spherons statistics for 2015 in million people. *

by

Vera Popovich and Alexander Semashko

 

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

%

P

Kyrgyzstan Population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

5,9

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

3,8

65

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

0,3

 

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

3,5

 

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

2,4

 

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

0,06

1

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

0,13

2

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

1,884

32

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=783

 

Statistical sources:

 

1. 2015 : https://wiki2.org/ru/_

https://www.populationpyramid.net/ru//2015

2. 2015 : http://www.stat.kg/ru/statistics/download/dynamic/433/

3. 2015 : http://www.stat.kg/ru/statistics/download/dynamic/433/

 

Vera Popovich,

Archivist,

Saint-Petersburg, Russia

 

Alexander Semashko

Economist,

Kaluga, Russia

  

2.2. Spherons of Different Levels in Different Countries: Statistical Tables

 

India

Spherons Statistics of Odisha Statefor 2015, million people*

By

Pravat K. Dhal

Spheral Indices

Population,employed in four spheres of social production

2015

%

P

India, Odisha State population: P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

44.3

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1 = P1w + Pn

26.04

58.8

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in the Sociosphere branches

7.7

4.0

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

23,9

54.8

Pw

Pw = working population = P1w+P2+P3+P4

20.37

46

P2

Spheron-2 = sum of working in the Infosphere branches

1.125

46

P3

Spheron-3 = sum of working in the Orgsphere branches

2.409

5.4

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the Technosphere branches

15.31

34.56

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

 

Statistical sources. Odisha Statistics:

 

http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Odisha%20Economic_Survey_2014-15.pdf

http://pc.odisha.gov.in/Download/Economic_Survey_2016-17.pdf

http://www.desorissa.nic.in/pdf/odisha_at_glance_2016.pdf



Pravat Kumar Dhal, PhD

Professor and Head

Department of Education

Magadh University, Bodhgaya, India

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=890

 

  

Pakistan

Spherons Statistics for 2014-15 in four Provinces:

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Punjab (PNB), Sindh (SDH) and Baluchistan (BLN), million people*

By

Noor Muhammad Larik

S. Mazhar Hussain Hashmi

Ms. Rashida Bukhari

Zia-ul-Islam

Spheral indices

Population, employed in four spheres of social production

KPK

PNB

 

SDH

BLN

P

Population of every province:

P = P1+P2+P3+P4

26,37

102,75

46,81

13,27

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

22,12

75,61

36,69

10,68

P1w

P1w = sum of working in the branches of Sociosphere:

1,84

6,96

3,49

0.93

Pn

Pn = non-working population. Pn = P Pw

20,29

68,64

 

33,20

4,69

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

6,38

44,11

13,61

8,58

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of working in the branches of Infosphere:

0,04

0,16

0.06

 

0.02

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of working in the branches of Orgsphere:

0,2

0,8

0.45

0.14

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the branches of Technosphere:

4,09

26,19

9,62

2,43


*The article full publication (21 p): https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=836

All indices of the population of the country and the provinces are presented in a gender perspective (male/female) and percentage in the published original research.

 

Statistical source: Pakistan Labour Force Survey 2014-15:

http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/labour-force-survey-2014-15-annual-report

 

Dr. Noor Muhammad Larik: Director General, Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired);

Chief Statistician, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

S. Mazhar Hussain Hashmi: Deputy Director General, Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired),

Islamabad, Pakistan,

Ms. Rashida Bukhari: Deputy Director General Federal Bureau of Statistics (retired),

Principal Training Wing, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

Zia-ul-Islam: Chief Statistical Officer (retired), Pakistan Bureau of Statistics,

System Analyst, National Institute of Population Studies,

Islamabad, Pakistan,

(At all o­ne webpage is) https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=847

 

Russia
Spherons Statistics for 2016 at the levels of the Central Federal District (CFD), Kaluga Region (KLR),
School 15 of Kaluga (SCK)
in million people and persons*

By

Alexander Semashko and Stefan Semashko

 

Spheral indices

Population, employed in four spheres of social production

CFD

M

KLR

M

SCK

Persons

P

Population of three levels:

P = P1+P2+P3+P4

39,21

1,01

 

1168

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

19,27

0,52

1138

P1w

P1w = sum of working in the branches of Sociosphere:

3,64

0,08

64

Pn

Pn = non-working population.

Pn = P Pw

15,64

0,44

1074

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

23,57

0,57

94

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of working in the branches of Infosphere:

0,86

0,02

1

 

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of working in the branches of Orgsphere:

3,33

0,08

7

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the branches of Technosphere:

15,74

0,39

22

 

*The article full publication (10 p): https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=783

 

Statistical sources:

 

6. http://www.gks.ru

7. http://www.mkrf.ru

8. http://mil.ru

9. http://kalugastat.gks.ru

10. 15 . :

http://school-15-kaluga.narod.ru

 

Alexander Semashko

Economist,

Kaluga, Russia

 

Stephan Semashko,

Pupil of the 6th grade of School No. 15,

Kaluga, Russia

 

 

Russia

Statistics of St. Petersburg spherons for 2010, million people *

by

Olga Kashina

 

Spheral indices

Population, employed in four spheres of social production

2010

%

P

Population of St. Petersburg: P = P1+P2+P3+P4

4,9

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

2,5

52,1

P1w

P1w = sum of working in the branches of Sociosphere:

0,5

 

Pn

Pn = non-working population: Pn = P Pw

2,1

 

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

2,4 

 

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of working in the branches of Infosphere:

0,3

7,2

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of working in the branches of Orgsphere:

0,4

8,4

P4

Spheron-4: = sum of working in the branches of Technosphere:

1,2

25,2

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

            Statistical sources:

 

1. ( ).  : 2010. : http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/trud/Untitled452-10.pdf.

2. 2010 .

3. 1. .

4. 2. - .

5. 6. .

6. 7. .

7. 029-2007 ( . 1.1). .: 2012.

 

Olga Kashina, Ph.D. (statistics),

Saint-Petersburg, Russia

http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=757

 

  

Russia

Spherons Dynamics of Novoladozhskaya School  2 for 2000-2013*,

Novaya Ladoga, Leningrad region,

by

Svetlana Kuskovskaya

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the school, persons

2000

2005

2010

2013

P

All People in the School:
P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

917

896

405

402

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

871

854

383

380

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

85

82

38

33

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

796

772

345

347

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

131

124

60

55

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

7

6

5

5

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

10

10

7

7

P4

Spheron-4: = Technical staff of the school

29

26

10

10

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Notes. The number of students in our school has decreased over the years for a few reasons:

1. Demographic: fertility is falling in our region,

2. Economic: in our town closed several enterprises,

3. Migration: young people go to the city, to St. Petersburg.

At the same time, there was a reduction in the number of school employees; many staff units were abolished: speech therapist, psychologist and others; the nurse is listed in the hospital. The school vitality is ensured by the balance/harmony of the spherons employed in it.

 

Svetlana Kuskovskaya,

Primary school teacher,

My work experience at this school is 28 years.

Novaya Ladoga, Russia,

 svetlana-5506@bk.ru

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=505

 

 

Rwanda

Spherons Dynamics for 2005-2013 of

Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Education of Kibungo (INATEK)*,

By

Habyarimana Heli

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the INATEK, persons

2005

2010

2013

P

All People in INATEK: P =P1 +P2 +P3 +P4

1381

3340

3958

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

1343

3275

3879

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

76

86

100

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

1267

3189

3779

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

 114

151 

 159

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

2

6

7

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

11

15

21

P4

Spheron-4: = Technical staff of the INATEK:

25

44

51

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Conclusion: This research shows, INATEK can work successfully o­nly in the structural harmony of the main groups employed in it, i.e. in coordinated interaction/cooperation of its four spherons (spheral classes). Every from them is interested in it and support their harmony and nonviolence, from which follows peace ensuring a normal work and life of INATEK. Disruption of harmony is fraught with failures in work, conflicts and disorganization of the Institution. In the absence at least o­ne of these spherons and harmony between them work of INATEK is impossible.

 

Habyarimana Heli,

Director of the Rector Office,

Kibungo, Rwanda,

haheli2001@yahoo.fr,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=361

 

  

India

Spherons Dynamics for 2000-2013 of Basanti Devi College*,

Kolkata

Maitreyee B. Roy

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the College, persons

2000

2005

2010

2013

P

All People in the College:
P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

761

980

1136

1206

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

752

970

1121

1188

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

37

42

49

54

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

715

928

1072

1134

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

 46

 52

 64

72 

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

3

3

3

3

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

3

4

5

6

P4

Spheron-4:= Technical staff of the College

3

3

7

9

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Conclusion: This research shows, College can work successfully o­nly in the structural harmony of the main groups employed in it, i.e. in coordinated interaction/cooperation of its four spherons (spheral classes). Every from them is interested in it and support their harmony and nonviolence, from which follows peace ensuring a normal work and life of College. Disruption of harmony is fraught with failures in work, conflicts and disorganization of the College. In the absence at least o­ne of these spherons and harmony between them work of College is impossible.

 

Prof. Maitreyee Bardhan Roy,

Basanti Devi College Principal.

Kolkata, India,

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=481

  

Argentine

Spherons statistics of Bulnes Private Educational Institute for 2010*,

Buenos Aires

By

Maria Cristina Azcona

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the Institute, persons

2010

P

All People in Institute: P =P1 +P2 +P3 +P4

154

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

134

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

14

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

120

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

34 

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

13

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

3

P4

Spheron-4: = Technical staff of the Institute:

4

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Conclusion: This research shows, Bulnes Institute can work successfully o­nly in the structural harmony of the main groups employed in it, i.e. in coordinated interaction/cooperation of its four spherons (spheral classes). Every from them is interested in it and support their harmony and nonviolence, from which follows peace ensuring a normal work and life of Bulnes Institute. Disruption of harmony is fraught with failures in work, conflicts and disorganization of the Bulnes Institute. In the absence at least o­ne of these spherons and harmony between them work of Bulnes Institute is impossible.

 

Maria Cristina Azcona,

Educational Psychologist and family counselor in this Institute,

Buenos Aires, Argentine,

mcrisazcona@gmail.com

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=36

 

 

Nepal

Spherons Dynamics for 2000-2013

Of EducationFaculty in Katmandu University*

By

Leela Pradhan

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the Faculty, persons

2000

2005

2010

2013

P

All People in the Faculty:
P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

1301

718

760

841

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

1270

686

726

806

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

83

96

106

121

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

1187

590

620

685

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

 114

128 

 140

 121

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

6

7

9

10

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

13

13

13

13

P4

Spheron-4:= Technical staff of the Faculty

12

12

12

12

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Conclusion: This research shows, Faculty can work successfully o­nly in the structural harmony of the main groups employed in it, i.e. in coordinated interaction/cooperation of its four spherons (spheral classes). Every from them is interested in it and support their harmony and nonviolence, from which follows peace ensuring a normal work and life of Faculty. Disruption of harmony is fraught with failures in work, conflicts and disorganization of the Faculty. In the absence at least o­ne of these spherons and harmony between them work of Faculty is impossible.

 

Leela Pradhan,

Professor of Sociology, University, Katmandu,

My work Experience is 39 years.

E-mail: leelaprd@hotmail.com

 

 

Algeria

Spherons Dynamics for 2005-2013

Of GuemarEl Oued University*

By

Ammar Banni

 

Spheral indices

The employed in four spheres of the University, persons

2005

2010

2013

P

All People in the University:
P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4

400

1830

2897

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

344

1749

2804

P1w

P1w = sum of the working in branches of sociosphere:

20

69

84

Pn

Pn = Students (nonworking) number:

Pn = P - Pw

324

1680

2720

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

 76

150 

 177

P2

Spheron-2: = sum of the working in branches of infosphere:

03

06

07

P3

Spheron-3: = sum of the working in branches of orgsphere:

26

40

46

P4

Spheron-4:= Technical staff of the Faculty

27

35

40

 

*The article full publication: https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=593

 

Conclusion: This research shows, Universitycan work successfully o­nly in the structural harmony of the main groups employed in it, i.e. in coordinated interaction/cooperation of its four spherons (spheral classes). Every from them is interested in it and support their harmony and nonviolence, from which follows peace ensuring a normal work and life of University. Disruption of harmony is fraught with failures in work, conflicts and disorganization of the University. In the absence at least o­ne of these spherons and harmony between them work of University is impossible.

 

Ammar Banni,

Professor of Education in El Oued University,

Guemar, Algeria

ammarbanni@yahoo.fr

https://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=288

 

 

Russia

Spherons statistics of the Bashkortostan Republic for 2017 in million*

by

Roksana Sadykova

 

Spheral indices

Population, employed in four spheres of social production

2017

%

P

Population of Bashkortostan: P = P1+P2+P3+P4

4,07

100

P1

Spheron-1: P1= P1w + Pn

3,19

78,3

P1w

P1w = sum of working in the branches of Sociosphere:

0,24

5,9

Pn

Pn = non-working population: Pn = P Pw

2,95

72,4

Pw

Pw = working: P1w+P2+P3+P4

1,12

27,6